Southern Africa
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Southern Africa

Population

173,613,198

Area

5,247,721 km²

GDP total

$515,289.08 million

Countries

Botswana, Comoros, eSwatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

4.44

Criminality Score

5th of 5 African regions

Criminal market

4.05

Human Trafficking

4.08

Human Smuggling

3.12

Arms Trafficking

3.88

Flora Crimes

4.19

Fauna Crimes

5.69

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

4.46

Heroin Trade

4.88

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

4.19

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.54

Criminal Actors

4.82

Mafia-Style Groups

2.62

Criminal Networks

5.12

State-Embedded Actors

5.65

Foreign Actors

5.88

4.27

State Resilience Score

1st of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

4.62

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.12

International Cooperation

4.50

National Policies and Laws

5.38

Judicial System and Detention

4.27

Law Enforcement

4.35

Territorial Integrity

4.42

Anti-Money Laundering

4.46

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.31

Victim and Witness Support

2.77

Prevention

2.88

Non-State Actors

5.12

4.27 4.82 4.05 4.27 4.82 4.05

Southern Africa, comprising 13 countries, was found to be the lowest-scoring region in Africa for criminality, with the regional averages for criminality (4.44), criminal markets (4.05) and criminal actors (4.82) the lowest of the five regions.

Just as the region is the best-performing region with regards to criminality, Southern Africa also has the highest average resilience score on the continent.

West Africa

Population

376,793,379

Area

5,032,970 km²

GDP total

$609,808.18 million

Countries

Benin, Burkina Faso, Cabo Verde, Côte d'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo.

5.29

Criminality Score

2nd of 5 African regions

Criminal market

5.22

Human Trafficking

5.53

Human Smuggling

4.23

Arms Trafficking

5.23

Flora Crimes

5.73

Fauna Crimes

5.53

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

6.00

Heroin Trade

4.23

Cocaine Trade

5.20

Cannabis Trade

5.70

Synthetic Drugs Trade

4.80

Criminal Actors

5.35

Mafia-Style Groups

2.43

Criminal Networks

6.40

State-Embedded Actors

6.73

Foreign Actors

5.83

4.26

State Resilience Score

2nd of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

4.33

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.00

International Cooperation

5.33

National Policies and Laws

4.83

Judicial System and Detention

4.00

Law Enforcement

4.50

Territorial Integrity

4.43

Anti-Money Laundering

4.20

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.23

Victim and Witness Support

2.73

Prevention

3.10

Non-State Actors

5.40

4.26 5.35 5.22 4.26 5.35 5.22

Criminality in West Africa is the second highest on the continent (after East Africa), with a regional average of 5.29.

As with other regions, criminal actors (5.35) marginally drive up the criminality score for West Africa, compared to criminal markets (5.22). Notably, however, criminal markets were identified as the most pervasive in Africa, in part due to the diversity of illicit activities occurring throughout the region. Despite West Africa’s high criminality score, experts described the region as relatively resilient to organised crime, with an average of 4.26 (the most resilient region after Southern Africa). Exhibiting high criminality and high resilience scores suggests both a wide variation in pervasiveness of criminality among individual countries in the region, as well as inherent vulnerabilities that may not be helped by resilience measures. Moreover, the efficacy of higher resilience measures may be more clearly witnessed with future iterations of the Index.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.