Southern Africa
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Southern Africa

Population

173,613,198

Area

5,247,721 km²

GDP total

$515,289.08 million

Countries

Botswana, Comoros, eSwatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

4.44

Criminality Score

5th of 5 African regions

Criminal market

4.05

Human Trafficking

4.08

Human Smuggling

3.12

Arms Trafficking

3.88

Flora Crimes

4.19

Fauna Crimes

5.69

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

4.46

Heroin Trade

4.88

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

4.19

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.54

Criminal Actors

4.82

Mafia-Style Groups

2.62

Criminal Networks

5.12

State-Embedded Actors

5.65

Foreign Actors

5.88

4.27

State Resilience Score

1st of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

4.62

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.12

International Cooperation

4.50

National Policies and Laws

5.38

Judicial System and Detention

4.27

Law Enforcement

4.35

Territorial Integrity

4.42

Anti-Money Laundering

4.46

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.31

Victim and Witness Support

2.77

Prevention

2.88

Non-State Actors

5.12

4.27 4.82 4.05 4.27 4.82 4.05

Southern Africa, comprising 13 countries, was found to be the lowest-scoring region in Africa for criminality, with the regional averages for criminality (4.44), criminal markets (4.05) and criminal actors (4.82) the lowest of the five regions.

Just as the region is the best-performing region with regards to criminality, Southern Africa also has the highest average resilience score on the continent.

Namibia

Capital

Windhoek

Population

2,448,255

Area

823,290 km²

Coastline Length

1,572 km

Landborder Length

4,220 km

GDP total

$14,521.71 million

GDP per capita

$5,931.45

GINI Index

59.1

3.82

Criminality Score

44th of 54 African countries

9th of 13 Southern Africa countries

Criminal market

3.50

Human Trafficking

3.00

Human Smuggling

2.50

Arms Trafficking

3.00

Flora Crimes

6.00

Fauna Crimes

5.50

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

4.50

Heroin Trade

3.00

Cocaine Trade

2.00

Cannabis Trade

2.50

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.00

Criminal Actors

4.13

Mafia-Style Groups

2.50

Criminal Networks

4.50

State-Embedded Actors

3.50

Foreign Actors

6.00

5.04

State Resilience Score

13th of 54 African countries

5th of 13 Southern Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

5.50

Government Transparency and Accountability

6.00

International Cooperation

6.50

National Policies and Laws

6.00

Judicial System and Detention

4.50

Law Enforcement

4.50

Territorial Integrity

3.50

Anti-Money Laundering

4.50

Economic Regulatory Environment

6.50

Victim and Witness Support

4.00

Prevention

3.00

Non-State Actors

6.00

5.04 4.13 3.50 5.04 4.13 3.50

Namibia ranks 44th in the Index, scoring well in terms of criminality.

Experts do not score any criminal markets or criminal actors above 6. Illicit environmental markets are viewed as the most significant, due notably to the smuggling of timber (flora crimes), ivory and rhino horn (fauna crimes) and diamonds (non-renewable resources crimes). Foreign actors are judged to have the greatest influence, scoring 6, largely because of their role in the illicit fauna and flora trades. Namibia performs relatively well on resilience, ranking 13th in Africa, with the majority of indicators recording scores of between 4.5 and 6.5. International cooperation, national policies and laws against organised crime, and the economic regulatory environment are all deemed to be effective. But experts note insufficient levels of funding to various institutions and government bodies, corruption and porous borders as areas of concern.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.