Southern Africa
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Southern Africa

Population

173,613,198

Area

5,247,721 km²

GDP total

$515,289.08 million

Countries

Botswana, Comoros, eSwatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

4.44

Criminality Score

5th of 5 African regions

Criminal market

4.05

Human Trafficking

4.08

Human Smuggling

3.12

Arms Trafficking

3.88

Flora Crimes

4.19

Fauna Crimes

5.69

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

4.46

Heroin Trade

4.88

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

4.19

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.54

Criminal Actors

4.82

Mafia-Style Groups

2.62

Criminal Networks

5.12

State-Embedded Actors

5.65

Foreign Actors

5.88

4.27

State Resilience Score

1st of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

4.62

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.12

International Cooperation

4.50

National Policies and Laws

5.38

Judicial System and Detention

4.27

Law Enforcement

4.35

Territorial Integrity

4.42

Anti-Money Laundering

4.46

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.31

Victim and Witness Support

2.77

Prevention

2.88

Non-State Actors

5.12

4.27 4.82 4.05 4.27 4.82 4.05

Southern Africa, comprising 13 countries, was found to be the lowest-scoring region in Africa for criminality, with the regional averages for criminality (4.44), criminal markets (4.05) and criminal actors (4.82) the lowest of the five regions.

Just as the region is the best-performing region with regards to criminality, Southern Africa also has the highest average resilience score on the continent.

Niger

Capital

Niamey

Population

22,442,948

Area

1,266,700 km²

Landborder Length

5,834 km

GDP total

$9,239.51 million

GDP per capita

$411.69

GINI Index

34.3

5.74

Criminality Score

16th of 54 African countries

4th of 15 West Africa countries

Criminal market

5.35

Human Trafficking

6.50

Human Smuggling

7.00

Arms Trafficking

8.00

Flora Crimes

2.00

Fauna Crimes

2.50

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

6.50

Heroin Trade

4.00

Cocaine Trade

5.00

Cannabis Trade

6.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

6.00

Criminal Actors

6.13

Mafia-Style Groups

2.00

Criminal Networks

7.00

State-Embedded Actors

8.50

Foreign Actors

7.00

3.54

State Resilience Score

31st of 54 African countries

11th of 15 West Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

4.00

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.00

International Cooperation

5.00

National Policies and Laws

5.50

Judicial System and Detention

2.50

Law Enforcement

4.50

Territorial Integrity

3.00

Anti-Money Laundering

3.00

Economic Regulatory Environment

3.00

Victim and Witness Support

2.00

Prevention

2.00

Non-State Actors

4.00

3.54 6.13 5.35 3.54 6.13 5.35

Niger ranks 16th in Africa, with a criminality score considerably higher than the continental average.

The country’s overall criminality score is driven both by well-established criminal markets and a range of powerful criminal actors. Niger has a number of entrenched criminal markets, the most pervasive of which are for arms trafficking and human smuggling. The country serves as a key transit route for weapons heading to conflict zones in the region, but the deterioration of the country’s security situation has resulted in an increase in the domestic demand for weapons, particularly small arms and ammunition. The country also plays an important role in global drug flows, including the trafficking of cocaine, cannabis and synthetic drugs. State-embedded actors are highly influential in Mali, in particular in the drug smuggling, migrant smuggling and illicit gold mining economies. Criminal networks and foreign criminal actors also play a major role in the organised crime landscape in the country. Niger ranks 31st in Africa for resilience, performing just below the continental average. Although the country’s legislative framework and law-enforcement agencies are deemed to be moderately effective, there are major deficiencies in Niger’s social protection frameworks.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.