Botswana
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    Botswana

    Capital

    Gaborone

    Population

    2,254,126

    Area

    566,730 km²

    Landborder Length

    4,347 km

    GDP total

    $18,616.02 million

    GDP per capita

    $8,258.64

    GINI Index

    53.3

    3.34

    Criminality Score

    51st of 54 African countries

    13th of 13 Southern Africa countries

    Criminal market

    3.30

    Human Trafficking

    3.50

    Human Smuggling

    2.00

    Arms Trafficking

    3.50

    Flora Crimes

    3.00

    Fauna Crimes

    5.00

    Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

    1.50

    Heroin Trade

    3.50

    Cocaine Trade

    3.50

    Cannabis Trade

    4.00

    Synthetic Drugs Trade

    3.50

    Criminal Actors

    3.38

    Mafia-Style Groups

    1.00

    Criminal Networks

    4.50

    State-Embedded Actors

    3.00

    Foreign Actors

    5.00

    6.25

    State Resilience Score

    4th of 54 African countries

    2nd of 13 Southern Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    7.00

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    6.00

    International Cooperation

    7.50

    National Policies and Laws

    7.00

    Judicial System and Detention

    6.50

    Law Enforcement

    6.50

    Territorial Integrity

    6.50

    Anti-Money Laundering

    5.50

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    5.50

    Victim and Witness Support

    5.50

    Prevention

    5.00

    Non-State Actors

    6.50

    6.25 3.38 3.30 6.25 3.38 3.30

    6.25

    State Resilience Score

    4th of 54 African countries

    2nd of 13 Southern Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    7.00

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    6.00

    International Cooperation

    7.50

    National Policies and Laws

    7.00

    Judicial System and Detention

    6.50

    Law Enforcement

    6.50

    Territorial Integrity

    6.50

    Anti-Money Laundering

    5.50

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    5.50

    Victim and Witness Support

    5.50

    Prevention

    5.00

    Non-State Actors

    6.50

    Botswana ranks 51st in the Index, with one of the lowest criminality scores on the continent.

    Low scores for non-renewable resources crimes are due in large part to the highly formalised and well-regulated diamond sector. However, reports suggest fauna crimes are rising because of increased poaching and the illegal trade in wildlife, leading experts to attribute low scores for this category. Strong evidence exists that armed poaching gangs include national criminal networks and foreign actors. However, there is little evidence of corruption or the existence of mafia-style groups in Botswana. Generally low scores across criminality suggest an overall low influence on society. Botswana scores well across resilience categories and the country ranks as one of the most resilient in Africa, in 4th place. The country has particularly high scores for international cooperation, political leadership and governance, and national policies and laws.

    Analyses

    Tanzania’s anti-poaching success offers valuable lessons for other African countries

    Modern approaches, strong policies, political will and zero tolerance to corruption are key to fighting poaching.

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    The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.