Africa overall score for

Human Smuggling

4.47

Under the Index, human smuggling requires the criminalization of the illegal entry, transit or residence of migrants (by land, sea or air) by an organised criminal group for the purposes of a financial or material benefit. Activity in this criminal economy reflects all stages of the illicit activity including the producing, procuring, providing or possessing fraudulent travel or identity documents when committed for the purpose of enabling the smuggling of migrants. Notably, while distinct crimes, human smuggling may turn into trafficking when the element of exploitation is involved.

Under the Index, human smuggling requires the criminalization of the illegal entry, transit or residence of migrants (by land, sea or air) by an organised criminal group for the purposes of a financial or material benefit. Activity in this criminal economy reflects all stages of the illicit activity including the producing, procuring, providing or possessing fraudulent travel or identity documents when committed for the purpose of enabling the smuggling of migrants. Notably, while distinct crimes, human smuggling may turn into trafficking when the element of exploitation is involved.

highest-scoring countries

lowest-scoring countries

View heatmap for Human Smuggling score

Rank all countries by Human Smuggling score

Compare Human Smuggling score with other indicators

The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.