Eritrea
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    Eritrea

    Capital

    Asmara

    Population

    5,187,948

    Area

    101,000 km²

    Coastline Length

    2,234 km

    Landborder Length

    1,840 km

    GDP total

    $6,720.00 million

    GDP per capita

    $1,295.31

    4.27

    Criminality Score

    39th of 54 African countries

    8th of 9 East Africa countries

    Criminal Actors

    4.63

    Mafia-Style Groups

    1.00

    Criminal Networks

    5.50

    State-Embedded Actors

    9.50

    Foreign Actors

    2.50

    Criminal market

    3.90

    Human Trafficking

    8.50

    Human Smuggling

    8.00

    Arms Trafficking

    6.00

    Flora Crimes

    1.50

    Fauna Crimes

    2.00

    Non-renewable-resource crimes

    3.00

    Heroin Trade

    3.00

    Cocaine Trade

    1.50

    Cannabis Trade

    4.00

    Synthetic Drugs Trade

    1.50

    2.33

    Resilience Score

    46th of 54 African countries

    7th of 9 East Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    1.00

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    1.00

    International Cooperation

    2.00

    National Policies and Laws

    2.50

    Judicial System and Detention

    2.00

    Law Enforcement

    3.00

    Territorial Integrity

    7.00

    Anti-Money Laundering

    3.00

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    2.50

    Victim and Witness Support

    1.00

    Prevention

    2.00

    Non-State Actors

    1.00

    2.33 4.63 3.90 2.33 4.63 3.90

    2.33

    Resilience Score

    46th of 54 African countries

    7th of 9 East Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    1.00

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    1.00

    International Cooperation

    2.00

    National Policies and Laws

    2.50

    Judicial System and Detention

    2.00

    Law Enforcement

    3.00

    Territorial Integrity

    7.00

    Anti-Money Laundering

    3.00

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    2.50

    Victim and Witness Support

    1.00

    Prevention

    2.00

    Non-State Actors

    1.00

    Eritrea ranks 39th in the Index, with high scores for only a few criminal markets and criminal actors.

    The involvement of state-embedded actors and criminal networks in human trafficking, arms trafficking and human smuggling are deemed to be major issues, exerting a significant to severe negative influence on society. Eritrea is ranked as one of Africa’s least-resilient countries, in 46th place, with only one indicator in the resilience component scoring above 3. The country's authoritarian regime, which many Eritreans perceive as a ‘mafia organisation’, lacks the political will to combat organised crime, in many cases participating in illicit activities itself. The absence of victim and witness support, press censorship and endemic corruption also play a part in the low resilience scores attributed by experts.

    Analyses

    Kenya now a key transit point for south-bound migrants

    Smugglers are increasingly using this East African country en route to South Africa.

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    The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.