São Tomé and Príncipe
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    São Tomé and Príncipe

    Capital

    São Tomé

    Population

    211,028

    Area

    960 km²

    Coastline Length

    209 km

    GDP total

    $422.30 million

    GDP per capita

    $2,001.14

    GINI Index

    30.8

    1.88

    Criminality Score

    54th of 54 African countries

    11th of 11 Central Africa countries

    Criminal Actors

    1.75

    Mafia-Style Groups

    1.00

    Criminal Networks

    2.50

    State-Embedded Actors

    1.00

    Foreign Actors

    2.50

    Criminal market

    2.00

    Human Trafficking

    1.50

    Human Smuggling

    3.00

    Arms Trafficking

    3.00

    Flora Crimes

    2.00

    Fauna Crimes

    2.00

    Non-renewable-resource crimes

    1.00

    Heroin Trade

    1.50

    Cocaine Trade

    1.50

    Cannabis Trade

    3.00

    Synthetic Drugs Trade

    1.50

    3.79

    Resilience Score

    28th of 54 African countries

    3rd of 11 Central Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    4.00

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    3.00

    International Cooperation

    6.00

    National Policies and Laws

    6.50

    Judicial System and Detention

    5.00

    Law Enforcement

    5.00

    Territorial Integrity

    4.00

    Anti-Money Laundering

    3.00

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    3.00

    Victim and Witness Support

    1.00

    Prevention

    1.00

    Non-State Actors

    4.00

    3.79 1.75 2.00 3.79 1.75 2.00

    3.79

    Resilience Score

    28th of 54 African countries

    3rd of 11 Central Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    4.00

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    3.00

    International Cooperation

    6.00

    National Policies and Laws

    6.50

    Judicial System and Detention

    5.00

    Law Enforcement

    5.00

    Territorial Integrity

    4.00

    Anti-Money Laundering

    3.00

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    3.00

    Victim and Witness Support

    1.00

    Prevention

    1.00

    Non-State Actors

    4.00

    São Tomé and Príncipe has a criminality score of 1.99, the lowest on the continent.

    There are no criminal markets present in the country that have more than a non-existent to minor influence on society. The most prominent criminal markets in the island state are human smuggling, arms trafficking and cannabis, but all three receive scores of 3, indicating no more than a limited, and manageable, influence. Similarly, there are no criminal actors in the country that score higher than 2.5, indicating a very limited reach of organised-criminal actors. With regard to resilience to organised crime, São Tomé and Príncipe lies just below the African average, with a resilience score of 3.79. Although the country has a robust legislative framework in place, both domestically and with regard to international treaties and legal frameworks, there is significant room for improvement in areas, and pro-activeness is required around introducing measures aimed at prevention of organised crime and support for witnesses and victims of organised crime.

    Analyses

    Would Central Africa benefit from a single regional bloc?

    Infographic: Merging Central Africa’s regional organisations would be complex.

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    The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.