Djibouti
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    Djibouti

    Capital

    Djibouti City

    Population

    958,920

    Area

    23,180 km²

    Coastline Length

    314 km

    Landborder Length

    528 km

    GDP total

    $1,965.98 million

    GDP per capita

    $2,050.21

    GINI Index

    41.6

    3.73

    Criminality Score

    47th of 54 African countries

    9th of 9 East Africa countries

    Criminal Actors

    4.00

    Mafia-Style Groups

    1.50

    Criminal Networks

    4.50

    State-Embedded Actors

    4.00

    Foreign Actors

    6.00

    Criminal market

    3.45

    Human Trafficking

    6.00

    Human Smuggling

    7.00

    Arms Trafficking

    5.00

    Flora Crimes

    2.00

    Fauna Crimes

    4.00

    Non-renewable-resource crimes

    1.00

    Heroin Trade

    2.50

    Cocaine Trade

    1.50

    Cannabis Trade

    4.00

    Synthetic Drugs Trade

    1.50

    4.67

    Resilience Score

    16th of 54 African countries

    3rd of 9 East Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    4.00

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    3.00

    International Cooperation

    7.50

    National Policies and Laws

    5.50

    Judicial System and Detention

    4.00

    Law Enforcement

    5.00

    Territorial Integrity

    6.00

    Anti-Money Laundering

    6.00

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    6.00

    Victim and Witness Support

    2.00

    Prevention

    4.00

    Non-State Actors

    3.00

    4.67 4.00 3.45 4.67 4.00 3.45

    4.67

    Resilience Score

    16th of 54 African countries

    3rd of 9 East Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    4.00

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    3.00

    International Cooperation

    7.50

    National Policies and Laws

    5.50

    Judicial System and Detention

    4.00

    Law Enforcement

    5.00

    Territorial Integrity

    6.00

    Anti-Money Laundering

    6.00

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    6.00

    Victim and Witness Support

    2.00

    Prevention

    4.00

    Non-State Actors

    3.00

    Djibouti ranks 47th in the Index, with established criminal markets in human smuggling, human trafficking and arms trafficking.

    Human smuggling and trafficking are associated with the sexual exploitation of victims of trafficking, while terrorist networks, such as al-Shabaab, are involved in arms trafficking. Djibouti’s illicit environmental markets is limited, as are its drugs markets – though some are increasing. Experts report the significant influence of foreign actors, and moderate influence of state-embedded actors and criminal networks, with no single criminal actor scoring above 6. Djibouti’s resilience scores are moderate, ranging from 3 to 7.5. It performs well in many categories, owing to effective legislation against organised crime, significant international cooperation and reforms to the business environment. Nevertheless, experts note that many government institutions suffer from corruption and insufficient funding, contributing to low scores in some resilience categories.

    Analyses

    L'évolution de la place de l'Afrique dans l'économie criminelle mondiale

    Ce rapport donne un aperçu général de l'évolution des liens multiples que l'Afrique entretient avec les marchés criminels mondiaux.

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    The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.