Namibia
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    Namibia

    Capital

    Windhoek

    Population

    2,448,255

    Area

    823,290 km²

    Coastline Length

    1,572 km

    Landborder Length

    4,220 km

    GDP total

    $14,521.71 million

    GDP per capita

    $5,931.45

    GINI Index

    59.1

    3.82

    Criminality Score

    44th of 54 African countries

    9th of 13 Southern Africa countries

    Criminal Actors

    4.13

    Mafia-Style Groups

    2.50

    Criminal Networks

    4.50

    State-Embedded Actors

    3.50

    Foreign Actors

    6.00

    Criminal market

    3.50

    Human Trafficking

    3.00

    Human Smuggling

    2.50

    Arms Trafficking

    3.00

    Flora Crimes

    6.00

    Fauna Crimes

    5.50

    Non-renewable-resource crimes

    4.50

    Heroin Trade

    3.00

    Cocaine Trade

    2.00

    Cannabis Trade

    2.50

    Synthetic Drugs Trade

    3.00

    5.04

    Resilience Score

    13th of 54 African countries

    5th of 13 Southern Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    5.50

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    6.00

    International Cooperation

    6.50

    National Policies and Laws

    6.00

    Judicial System and Detention

    4.50

    Law Enforcement

    4.50

    Territorial Integrity

    3.50

    Anti-Money Laundering

    4.50

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    6.50

    Victim and Witness Support

    4.00

    Prevention

    3.00

    Non-State Actors

    6.00

    5.04 4.13 3.50 5.04 4.13 3.50

    5.04

    Resilience Score

    13th of 54 African countries

    5th of 13 Southern Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    5.50

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    6.00

    International Cooperation

    6.50

    National Policies and Laws

    6.00

    Judicial System and Detention

    4.50

    Law Enforcement

    4.50

    Territorial Integrity

    3.50

    Anti-Money Laundering

    4.50

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    6.50

    Victim and Witness Support

    4.00

    Prevention

    3.00

    Non-State Actors

    6.00

    Namibia ranks 44th in the Index, scoring well in terms of criminality.

    Experts do not score any criminal markets or criminal actors above 6. Illicit environmental markets are viewed as the most significant, due notably to the smuggling of timber (flora crimes), ivory and rhino horn (fauna crimes) and diamonds (non-renewable resources crimes). Foreign actors are judged to have the greatest influence, scoring 6, largely because of their role in the illicit fauna and flora trades. Namibia performs relatively well on resilience, ranking 13th in Africa, with the majority of indicators recording scores of between 4.5 and 6.5. International cooperation, national policies and laws against organised crime, and the economic regulatory environment are all deemed to be effective. But experts note insufficient levels of funding to various institutions and government bodies, corruption and porous borders as areas of concern.

    Analyses

    INTERPOL Overview of Serious and Organised Crime in the Southern African Region 2018

    International criminal organisations continue to target Southern Africa due to the significant illicit wealth that can be generated.

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    The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.