Zimbabwe
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    Zimbabwe

    Capital

    Harare

    Population

    14,439,018

    Area

    386,850 km²

    Landborder Length

    3,229 km

    GDP total

    $31,000.52 million

    GDP per capita

    $2,147.00

    GINI Index

    43.2

    5.42

    Criminality Score

    19th of 54 African countries

    3rd of 13 Southern Africa countries

    Criminal Actors

    6.13

    Mafia-Style Groups

    3.50

    Criminal Networks

    7.50

    State-Embedded Actors

    8.50

    Foreign Actors

    5.00

    Criminal market

    4.70

    Human Trafficking

    5.00

    Human Smuggling

    3.00

    Arms Trafficking

    3.50

    Flora Crimes

    4.00

    Fauna Crimes

    7.50

    Non-renewable-resource crimes

    8.00

    Heroin Trade

    4.00

    Cocaine Trade

    2.50

    Cannabis Trade

    4.50

    Synthetic Drugs Trade

    5.00

    3.33

    Resilience Score

    32nd of 54 African countries

    9th of 13 Southern Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    2.50

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    2.00

    International Cooperation

    3.00

    National Policies and Laws

    3.50

    Judicial System and Detention

    2.50

    Law Enforcement

    3.50

    Territorial Integrity

    6.00

    Anti-Money Laundering

    5.00

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    3.00

    Victim and Witness Support

    1.00

    Prevention

    2.00

    Non-State Actors

    6.00

    3.33 6.13 4.70 3.33 6.13 4.70

    3.33

    Resilience Score

    32nd of 54 African countries

    9th of 13 Southern Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    2.50

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    2.00

    International Cooperation

    3.00

    National Policies and Laws

    3.50

    Judicial System and Detention

    2.50

    Law Enforcement

    3.50

    Territorial Integrity

    6.00

    Anti-Money Laundering

    5.00

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    3.00

    Victim and Witness Support

    1.00

    Prevention

    2.00

    Non-State Actors

    6.00

    Zimbabwe ranks 19th in the Index, with its poorest criminality scores in illegal environmental markets, criminal networks and state-embedded actors.

    Criminal networks and state-embedded actors act together to exploit the country’s resources, especially non-renewable resources such as diamonds, but also fauna. Although Zimbabwe’s illicit narcotics markets, human trafficking, human smuggling, and arms trafficking are all established, scores were moderate in comparison to the environmental markets. In terms of resilience, Zimbabwe scores fairly poorly across all areas, ranking 32nd, with only two categories scoring above 5. However, experts note Zimbabwe’s control over its territorial integrity and the active role of civil society organisations as positive. However, generally low resilience scores are largely due to the participation of state officials in illicit networks. High levels of state corruption at all levels, insufficient victim and witness support, and insufficient prevention of organised crime contribute to the low resilience scores overall.

    Analyses

    No smoke without fire: the illicit cigarette trade in South Africa

    Cheap and readily available illicit cigarettes are becoming a lucrative source of income for organised criminals.

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    The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.