Senegal
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    Senegal

    Capital

    Dakar

    Population

    15,854,360

    Area

    192,530 km²

    Coastline Length

    531 km

    Landborder Length

    2,684 km

    GDP total

    $24,129.60 million

    GDP per capita

    $1,521.95

    GINI Index

    40.3

    4.60

    Criminality Score

    35th of 54 African countries

    14th of 15 West Africa countries

    Criminal Actors

    4.75

    Mafia-Style Groups

    3.50

    Criminal Networks

    5.50

    State-Embedded Actors

    4.00

    Foreign Actors

    6.00

    Criminal market

    4.45

    Human Trafficking

    5.00

    Human Smuggling

    4.50

    Arms Trafficking

    3.50

    Flora Crimes

    7.00

    Fauna Crimes

    6.50

    Non-renewable-resource crimes

    4.50

    Heroin Trade

    2.50

    Cocaine Trade

    3.50

    Cannabis Trade

    5.00

    Synthetic Drugs Trade

    2.50

    6.04

    Resilience Score

    5th of 54 African countries

    2nd of 15 West Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    6.00

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    5.00

    International Cooperation

    6.00

    National Policies and Laws

    6.50

    Judicial System and Detention

    6.00

    Law Enforcement

    7.00

    Territorial Integrity

    6.50

    Anti-Money Laundering

    6.50

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    6.00

    Victim and Witness Support

    5.00

    Prevention

    5.00

    Non-State Actors

    7.00

    6.04 4.75 4.45 6.04 4.75 4.45

    6.04

    Resilience Score

    5th of 54 African countries

    2nd of 15 West Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    6.00

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    5.00

    International Cooperation

    6.00

    National Policies and Laws

    6.50

    Judicial System and Detention

    6.00

    Law Enforcement

    7.00

    Territorial Integrity

    6.50

    Anti-Money Laundering

    6.50

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    6.00

    Victim and Witness Support

    5.00

    Prevention

    5.00

    Non-State Actors

    7.00

    Senegal ranks 35th in the Index for criminality, with a score below the continental average.

    The country’s overall criminality score is driven by criminal markets and criminal actors in almost equal measure, with the latter scoring marginally higher than the former. Senegal’s criminal market subcomponent scores range from 2.5 to 7, demonstrating notable differences in levels of pervasiveness of the various markets. The markets with the most significant negative impact on society are in the environmental-crime sector. Deforestation and illegal gold mining are the main drivers of high scores. Senegal is one of only a handful of countries in Africa in which foreign actors are the most influential among the criminal actor categories. Senegal is increasingly becoming a destination of choice for foreign criminals, particularly those involved in the environmental crime markets, due to the high levels of development and stability in the country. These foreign criminal groups have strong links to domestic criminal networks, who are also prominent in the country. In terms of resilience, Senegal performs extremely well, ranking 5th overall in Africa. All resilience indicators score 5 or higher, demonstrating moderate effectiveness at the very least in all areas. Senegal’s law enforcement agencies are particularly effective, and the country's non-state actors are vocal and dynamic, with high levels of media freedom. The consistent and sustained prioritisation of the fight against organised crime by the Senegalese government has led to major successes in areas such as international cooperation and its capacity to combat money laundering.

    Analyses

    Is Dakar a new destination of choice for drug traffickers?

    To outwit drug traffickers of the high seas and their portside allies in Senegal, responses beyond seizures are required.

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    The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.