South Africa
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    South Africa

    Capital

    Pretoria/Cape Town/Bloemfontein

    Population

    57,779,622

    Area

    1,213,090 km²

    Coastline Length

    2,798 km

    Landborder Length

    5,244 km

    GDP total

    $366,298.21 million

    GDP per capita

    $6,339.57

    GINI Index

    63.0

    6.17

    Criminality Score

    10th of 54 African countries

    1st of 13 Southern Africa countries

    Criminal Actors

    7.13

    Mafia-Style Groups

    6.50

    Criminal Networks

    7.00

    State-Embedded Actors

    7.50

    Foreign Actors

    7.50

    Criminal market

    5.20

    Human Trafficking

    3.50

    Human Smuggling

    4.00

    Arms Trafficking

    7.00

    Flora Crimes

    2.00

    Fauna Crimes

    7.50

    Non-renewable-resource crimes

    8.00

    Heroin Trade

    7.00

    Cocaine Trade

    3.00

    Cannabis Trade

    3.00

    Synthetic Drugs Trade

    7.00

    5.58

    Resilience Score

    9th of 54 African countries

    3rd of 13 Southern Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    6.00

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    6.50

    International Cooperation

    5.50

    National Policies and Laws

    6.50

    Judicial System and Detention

    6.00

    Law Enforcement

    6.00

    Territorial Integrity

    6.00

    Anti-Money Laundering

    6.00

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    6.50

    Victim and Witness Support

    3.00

    Prevention

    2.00

    Non-State Actors

    7.00

    5.58 7.13 5.20 5.58 7.13 5.20

    5.58

    Resilience Score

    9th of 54 African countries

    3rd of 13 Southern Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    6.00

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    6.50

    International Cooperation

    5.50

    National Policies and Laws

    6.50

    Judicial System and Detention

    6.00

    Law Enforcement

    6.00

    Territorial Integrity

    6.00

    Anti-Money Laundering

    6.00

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    6.50

    Victim and Witness Support

    3.00

    Prevention

    2.00

    Non-State Actors

    7.00

    South Africa ranks 10th in the Index for criminality, with high scores for both criminal markets and criminal actors.

    Five of the ten illegal markets score poorly, with 7 or above, suggesting a significant negative influence on society. Illicit narcotics markets are pervasive and growing, with local consumption of heroin and synthetic drugs a concern. Experts view illicit mining and the illicit trade in gold (non-renewable resources crimes), as well as poaching of rhino and abalone (fauna crimes), as areas of major concern that contribute to high scores for the environmental markets. Arms trafficking scores 7, largely because of the significant number of cases of armed violence that take place in South Africa. South Africa also scores poorly for all categories of criminal actors, all of which experts deem to be established and too exert a significant negative influence on society. In terms of resilience, South Africa scores well, ranking 9th in Africa, with nine of the 12 indicators scoring 6 or above. South Africa’s high resilience score reflects the country's strong legal and institutional frameworks that are able to effectively respond to the organised-crime threat, despite their erosion in recent years. This suggests a potential capacity for the country to respond to organised crime. The standout feature of South Africa’s resilience to organised crime is the strength of the country’s civil society and non-state actors, which is a key factor in the country's commendable resilience score. Nevertheless, social protection measures, including support for victims and witnesses of organised crime, are very weak in South Africa, indicating a significant scope for improvement.

    Analyses

    Drug trafficking, demand and use patterns in Africa, and policy implications

    Heroin trafficking is a crucial component of urban politics and development in East and Southern Africa.

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    The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.