Gabon
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    Gabon

    Capital

    Libreville

    Population

    2,119,275

    Area

    257,670 km²

    Coastline Length

    885 km

    Landborder Length

    3,261 km

    GDP total

    $17,017.40 million

    GDP per capita

    $8,029.82

    GINI Index

    38.0

    4.68

    Criminality Score

    33rd of 54 African countries

    7th of 11 Central Africa countries

    Criminal market

    4.85

    Human Trafficking

    6.00

    Human Smuggling

    6.00

    Arms Trafficking

    4.50

    Flora Crimes

    8.00

    Fauna Crimes

    7.00

    Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

    3.00

    Heroin Trade

    2.50

    Cocaine Trade

    2.50

    Cannabis Trade

    4.00

    Synthetic Drugs Trade

    5.00

    Criminal Actors

    4.50

    Mafia-Style Groups

    1.00

    Criminal Networks

    3.50

    State-Embedded Actors

    7.50

    Foreign Actors

    6.00

    2.71

    State Resilience Score

    41st of 54 African countries

    6th of 11 Central Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    2.00

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    2.00

    International Cooperation

    4.00

    National Policies and Laws

    3.50

    Judicial System and Detention

    3.00

    Law Enforcement

    4.00

    Territorial Integrity

    4.50

    Anti-Money Laundering

    2.00

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    2.00

    Victim and Witness Support

    1.00

    Prevention

    2.00

    Non-State Actors

    2.50

    2.71 4.50 4.85 2.71 4.50 4.85

    2.71

    State Resilience Score

    41st of 54 African countries

    6th of 11 Central Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    2.00

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    2.00

    International Cooperation

    4.00

    National Policies and Laws

    3.50

    Judicial System and Detention

    3.00

    Law Enforcement

    4.00

    Territorial Integrity

    4.50

    Anti-Money Laundering

    2.00

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    2.00

    Victim and Witness Support

    1.00

    Prevention

    2.00

    Non-State Actors

    2.50

    Gabon has lower levels of criminality than most countries in Africa, ranking 33rd in the Index.

    The country’s score is driven by a handful of particularly established criminal markets, namely flora crimes and fauna crimes, as well as human trafficking and human smuggling, and the influence of state-embedded actors. High levels of illegality in the timber industry and the trade in elephant ivory, in addition to forced labour, sexual exploitation and irregular migration into the country, are the defining features of organised crime in Gabon. With regard to resilience, Gabon ranks 41st in Africa, reflecting fairly low levels of resilience to organised crime. Although law enforcement and territorial integrity are moderately effective in the country, significant deficiencies remain. These include: high levels of corruption; lack of government legitimacy in the eyes of the population; weak economic and financial institutional and regulatory frameworks; and extremely ineffective social protection measures .

    Analyses

    In the name of the father: financial crimes in Central Africa

    Ruling families’ involvement in national politics is hurting the fight against financial crimes across Central Africa.

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    The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.