Mozambique
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    Mozambique

    Capital

    Maputo

    Population

    29,495,962

    Area

    786,380 km²

    Coastline Length

    2,470 km

    Landborder Length

    4,783 km

    GDP total

    $14,457.96 million

    GDP per capita

    $490.17

    GINI Index

    54.0

    5.87

    Criminality Score

    14th of 54 African countries

    2nd of 13 Southern Africa countries

    Criminal Actors

    6.38

    Mafia-Style Groups

    3.50

    Criminal Networks

    6.50

    State-Embedded Actors

    8.00

    Foreign Actors

    7.50

    Criminal market

    5.35

    Human Trafficking

    5.00

    Human Smuggling

    4.50

    Arms Trafficking

    4.00

    Flora Crimes

    8.50

    Fauna Crimes

    7.50

    Non-renewable-resource crimes

    6.00

    Heroin Trade

    7.50

    Cocaine Trade

    2.50

    Cannabis Trade

    4.50

    Synthetic Drugs Trade

    3.50

    2.83

    Resilience Score

    38th of 54 African countries

    12th of 13 Southern Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    2.50

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    2.00

    International Cooperation

    2.00

    National Policies and Laws

    5.50

    Judicial System and Detention

    2.50

    Law Enforcement

    2.00

    Territorial Integrity

    5.00

    Anti-Money Laundering

    2.00

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    4.00

    Victim and Witness Support

    1.00

    Prevention

    2.00

    Non-State Actors

    3.50

    2.83 6.38 5.35 2.83 6.38 5.35

    2.83

    Resilience Score

    38th of 54 African countries

    12th of 13 Southern Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    2.50

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    2.00

    International Cooperation

    2.00

    National Policies and Laws

    5.50

    Judicial System and Detention

    2.50

    Law Enforcement

    2.00

    Territorial Integrity

    5.00

    Anti-Money Laundering

    2.00

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    4.00

    Victim and Witness Support

    1.00

    Prevention

    2.00

    Non-State Actors

    3.50

    Mozambique ranks 14th in the Index, with a broad range of established criminal markets and criminal actors.

    However, the highest scores are in the environmental sector, in large part due to levels of illegal logging (flora crimes), trafficking of ivory and rhino horn (fauna crimes), and the illicit trade in rubies (non-renewable resources crimes). Although Mozambique’s narcotic markets are deemed as having only a moderate negative influence on society overall, the heroin trade is highlighted as a major concern, scoring 7.5. The markets for human smuggling, human trafficking and arms trafficking all record moderate scores between 4 and 5, suggesting they are not pervasive. Mozambique’s criminal networks, state-embedded actors and foreign actors all record high scores. Their involvement in all sectors of Mozambique’s illicit economy is viewed as widespread and growing. In terms of resilience, Mozambique scores poorly, ranking 38th in Africa, with only two indicators scoring above 4. The government is reported to lack a coherent plan to fight organised crime and the involvement of state officials in illicit activities is common. Moreover, corruption at all levels, insufficient victim and witness support, and underfunded institutions are highlighted as areas of concern.

    Analyses

    Tanzania’s anti-poaching success offers valuable lessons for other African countries

    Modern approaches, strong policies, political will and zero tolerance to corruption are key to fighting poaching.

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    The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.