Guinea
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    Guinea

    Capital

    Conakry

    Population

    12,414,318

    Area

    245,720 km²

    Coastline Length

    320 km

    Landborder Length

    4,046 km

    GDP total

    $10,989.79 million

    GDP per capita

    $885.25

    GINI Index

    33.7

    5.39

    Criminality Score

    20th of 54 African countries

    6th of 15 West Africa countries

    Criminal Actors

    5.63

    Mafia-Style Groups

    1.50

    Criminal Networks

    5.50

    State-Embedded Actors

    8.50

    Foreign Actors

    7.00

    Criminal market

    5.15

    Human Trafficking

    6.50

    Human Smuggling

    3.50

    Arms Trafficking

    6.00

    Flora Crimes

    4.50

    Fauna Crimes

    5.50

    Non-renewable-resource crimes

    7.50

    Heroin Trade

    3.00

    Cocaine Trade

    7.50

    Cannabis Trade

    4.50

    Synthetic Drugs Trade

    3.00

    2.75

    Resilience Score

    40th of 54 African countries

    13th of 15 West Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    1.50

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    3.00

    International Cooperation

    4.00

    National Policies and Laws

    3.50

    Judicial System and Detention

    3.00

    Law Enforcement

    3.00

    Territorial Integrity

    3.00

    Anti-Money Laundering

    3.00

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    3.00

    Victim and Witness Support

    1.50

    Prevention

    1.50

    Non-State Actors

    3.00

    2.75 5.63 5.15 2.75 5.63 5.15

    2.75

    Resilience Score

    40th of 54 African countries

    13th of 15 West Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    1.50

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    3.00

    International Cooperation

    4.00

    National Policies and Laws

    3.50

    Judicial System and Detention

    3.00

    Law Enforcement

    3.00

    Territorial Integrity

    3.00

    Anti-Money Laundering

    3.00

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    3.00

    Victim and Witness Support

    1.50

    Prevention

    1.50

    Non-State Actors

    3.00

    Guinea is ranked 20th for criminality in the Index, as a result of several pervasive criminal markets and highly influential criminal actors embedded within the state and foreign criminal actors.

    Despite a high continental ranking for its criminal markets, Guinea’s score for criminal actors is actually higher. The country’s most pervasive criminal markets are non-renewable resources crimes, as a result of the prominence of the illicit gold and diamond industry that many Guineans rely on; and the cocaine trade, given the country’s prominent role as a transit country for the drug, which arrives in West Africa from Latin America. Drug trafficking has penetrated state institutions, bringing together local businesspeople, politicians, police officers and military personnel to form a complex and profitable alliance. Foreign actors play a major role in cocaine trafficking, and also human trafficking, which pushes many Guineans into forced labour or sexual exploitation. Guinea is ranked 40th in the Index for resilience. Despite having ratified the majority of international treaties and conventions on organised crime, with the notable exceptions of two key protocols of the Palermo Convention on the smuggling of migrants and the trafficking of arms, Guinea faces severe deficiencies in a number of crucial areas. In fact, Guinea’s scores for all other resilience indicators suggest either non-existent, or at the very most, extremely ineffective regulatory frameworks and institutions. Of particular concern is the lack of political will to tackle organised crime, with heavy state involvement in a number of criminal markets – in particular, the drug trade – a significant impediment to defeating organised crime. A complete lack of organised crime prevention measures or any institutional support for witnesses and victims of organised crime is a direct consequence of the lack of political leadership on the issue.

    Analyses

    Nigeria’s kidnapping crisis

    Despite the efforts of security services, Nigeria continues to face a multifaceted kidnapping threat.

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    The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.