Benin
x

    Benin

    Capital

    Porto-Novo

    Population

    11,485,048

    Area

    112,760 km²

    Coastline Length

    121 km

    Landborder Length

    2,123 km

    GDP total

    $10,358.99 million

    GDP per capita

    $901.95

    GINI Index

    47.8

    4.83

    Criminality Score

    31st of 54 African countries

    12th of 15 West Africa countries

    Criminal market

    5.15

    Human Trafficking

    5.00

    Human Smuggling

    3.50

    Arms Trafficking

    3.00

    Flora Crimes

    7.00

    Fauna Crimes

    5.50

    Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

    7.00

    Heroin Trade

    5.00

    Cocaine Trade

    5.00

    Cannabis Trade

    3.50

    Synthetic Drugs Trade

    7.00

    Criminal Actors

    4.50

    Mafia-Style Groups

    1.00

    Criminal Networks

    6.50

    State-Embedded Actors

    4.50

    Foreign Actors

    6.00

    4.33

    State Resilience Score

    20th of 54 African countries

    7th of 15 West Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    6.00

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    4.00

    International Cooperation

    5.00

    National Policies and Laws

    4.00

    Judicial System and Detention

    3.00

    Law Enforcement

    4.00

    Territorial Integrity

    4.00

    Anti-Money Laundering

    5.50

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    4.00

    Victim and Witness Support

    3.00

    Prevention

    2.50

    Non-State Actors

    7.00

    4.33 4.50 5.15 4.33 4.50 5.15

    4.33

    State Resilience Score

    20th of 54 African countries

    7th of 15 West Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    6.00

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    4.00

    International Cooperation

    5.00

    National Policies and Laws

    4.00

    Judicial System and Detention

    3.00

    Law Enforcement

    4.00

    Territorial Integrity

    4.00

    Anti-Money Laundering

    5.50

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    4.00

    Victim and Witness Support

    3.00

    Prevention

    2.50

    Non-State Actors

    7.00

    Benin ranks 31st in the Index, with a broad range of criminal markets scoring between 3 and 7.

    The most significant markets are in the environmental sector, with the illegal rosewood trade, ivory trade and fuel smuggling all deemed by experts to be major issues facing the country. Benin’s illicit narcotics markets scored moderately, with the country serving as a transit point, although local drug consumption is generally low. Nevertheless, synthetic drugs scored highly (7) as a result of growing local consumption. The main criminal actors operating in Benin are criminal networks and foreign actors, who often cooperate in illicit drug trafficking. Moreover, illegal activity is often facilitated by corrupt state officials. Benin performs better than most African nations in terms of resilience to organised crime, ranking 20th on the continent. Although some significant steps have been taken with regard to international cooperation, anti-money laundering, and allowing non-state actors to flourish, experts noted some concerns, including a corrupt judiciary, and insufficient victim and witness support.

    Analyses

    Data conundrum in the Gulf of Guinea

    This Africa Day of the Seas and Oceans, it’s important to reflect on flaws in data collection that distort the reality of crime in the maritime domain.

    For a better experience, please rotate your device.

    The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.