Mali
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    Mali

    Capital

    Bamako

    Population

    19,077,690

    Area

    1,220,190 km²

    Landborder Length

    7,908 km

    GDP total

    $17,196.69 million

    GDP per capita

    $901.40

    GINI Index

    33.0

    6.20

    Criminality Score

    9th of 54 African countries

    3rd of 15 West Africa countries

    Criminal market

    5.90

    Human Trafficking

    6.00

    Human Smuggling

    6.50

    Arms Trafficking

    6.50

    Flora Crimes

    6.50

    Fauna Crimes

    5.50

    Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

    7.50

    Heroin Trade

    3.50

    Cocaine Trade

    6.00

    Cannabis Trade

    5.00

    Synthetic Drugs Trade

    6.00

    Criminal Actors

    6.50

    Mafia-Style Groups

    5.50

    Criminal Networks

    7.50

    State-Embedded Actors

    9.00

    Foreign Actors

    4.00

    2.63

    State Resilience Score

    44th of 54 African countries

    15th of 15 West Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    1.50

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    3.00

    International Cooperation

    4.00

    National Policies and Laws

    2.50

    Judicial System and Detention

    2.50

    Law Enforcement

    2.00

    Territorial Integrity

    2.00

    Anti-Money Laundering

    2.50

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    3.00

    Victim and Witness Support

    1.50

    Prevention

    2.00

    Non-State Actors

    5.00

    2.63 6.50 5.90 2.63 6.50 5.90

    2.63

    State Resilience Score

    44th of 54 African countries

    15th of 15 West Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    1.50

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    3.00

    International Cooperation

    4.00

    National Policies and Laws

    2.50

    Judicial System and Detention

    2.50

    Law Enforcement

    2.00

    Territorial Integrity

    2.00

    Anti-Money Laundering

    2.50

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    3.00

    Victim and Witness Support

    1.50

    Prevention

    2.00

    Non-State Actors

    5.00

    Mali is one of the ten countries in Africa with the highest levels of criminality, ranking 9th in the Index.

    While the country has only one criminal market that exerts a severe influence on society, only one market scores lower than a 5, suggesting a vast breadth of diverse criminal markets operating in the country. Two of the highest-scoring criminal markets in the country are those for illicit non-renewables and illicit flora, scoring 7.5 and 6.5, respectively, illustrating the significant impact of the environmental crime markets. State-embedded criminal actors are ubiquitous among the country’s political class, with rampant corruption, nepotism and clientelism poisoning every corner of the country's political institutions. A complex web of drug-trafficking networks, entrepreneurs and political elites means that the political class is almost inseparable from criminal actors in the country. As a result of the pervasiveness of state actors in organised-criminal activity, Mali performs poorly with regard to resilience, ranking 44th in Africa. While non-state actors and international cooperation are moderately effective in the country, the vast majority of the resilience building blocks are characterised by regulatory or institutional frameworks that are either extremely ineffective or non-existent. Of particular concern is the almost complete lack of political leadership on the issue of organised crime, ineffective and corrupt law-enforcement agencies and the absence of any state support for witness and victims of organised crime.

    Analyses

    Trafficked from Nigeria for sex work in Mali

    Increasing numbers of women are being trafficked from Nigeria to Mali for prostitution. How can this be stopped?

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    The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.