Rwanda
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    Rwanda

    Capital

    Kigali

    Population

    12,301,939

    Area

    24,670 km²

    Landborder Length

    930 km

    GDP total

    $9,509.00 million

    GDP per capita

    $772.97

    GINI Index

    43.7

    3.34

    Criminality Score

    51st of 54 African countries

    10th of 11 Central Africa countries

    Criminal Actors

    2.88

    Mafia-Style Groups

    1.00

    Criminal Networks

    2.50

    State-Embedded Actors

    5.00

    Foreign Actors

    3.00

    Criminal market

    3.80

    Human Trafficking

    5.00

    Human Smuggling

    3.00

    Arms Trafficking

    4.50

    Flora Crimes

    3.00

    Fauna Crimes

    5.00

    Non-renewable-resource crimes

    6.00

    Heroin Trade

    3.00

    Cocaine Trade

    1.50

    Cannabis Trade

    4.00

    Synthetic Drugs Trade

    3.00

    5.75

    Resilience Score

    7th of 54 African countries

    1st of 11 Central Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    6.50

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    6.00

    International Cooperation

    6.00

    National Policies and Laws

    6.50

    Judicial System and Detention

    5.00

    Law Enforcement

    7.00

    Territorial Integrity

    7.50

    Anti-Money Laundering

    6.00

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    6.00

    Victim and Witness Support

    5.50

    Prevention

    5.00

    Non-State Actors

    2.00

    5.75 2.88 3.80 5.75 2.88 3.80

    5.75

    Resilience Score

    7th of 54 African countries

    1st of 11 Central Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    6.50

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    6.00

    International Cooperation

    6.00

    National Policies and Laws

    6.50

    Judicial System and Detention

    5.00

    Law Enforcement

    7.00

    Territorial Integrity

    7.50

    Anti-Money Laundering

    6.00

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    6.00

    Victim and Witness Support

    5.50

    Prevention

    5.00

    Non-State Actors

    2.00

    Rwanda is in a desirable situation with regard to organised crime, as the country enjoys low levels of criminality and comparably high levels of resilience to organised crime.

    The country’s positive ranking of 51st in Africa for criminality reflects the absence of any criminal market with a significant influence. There are, however, certain criminal markets with a moderate influence in Rwanda, namely flora crimes, non-renewable resource crimes and human trafficking. Similarly, although most criminal actor-types exert very little influence in Rwanda, state-embedded criminal actors are a concern. Rwanda is the 7th most resilient state to organised crime in Africa, with 9 out of the 10 resilience indicator scores falling between 5 and 7.5. A robust legislative framework, an effective criminal-justice system and fairly strong social-protection measures contribute to the country’s high resilience score. However, the country's repressive media environment, combined with a constrained space for civil-society organisations to operate in, are blemishes on an otherwise respectable showing from Rwanda.

    Analyses

    Will Kenya’s port expansion encourage illicit profiteering?

    The growth of private storage facilities as port infrastructure expands is fraught with organised crime risks.

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    The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.