Burkina Faso
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    Burkina Faso

    Capital

    Ougadougou

    Population

    19,751,535

    Area

    273,600 km²

    Landborder Length

    3,611 km

    GDP total

    $14,441.76 million

    GDP per capita

    $731.17

    GINI Index

    35.3

    4.98

    Criminality Score

    25th of 54 African countries

    9th of 15 West Africa countries

    Criminal market

    4.95

    Human Trafficking

    5.00

    Human Smuggling

    5.00

    Arms Trafficking

    6.00

    Flora Crimes

    3.50

    Fauna Crimes

    5.00

    Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

    7.00

    Heroin Trade

    4.00

    Cocaine Trade

    3.50

    Cannabis Trade

    4.50

    Synthetic Drugs Trade

    6.00

    Criminal Actors

    5.00

    Mafia-Style Groups

    4.50

    Criminal Networks

    5.00

    State-Embedded Actors

    6.50

    Foreign Actors

    4.00

    3.88

    State Resilience Score

    26th of 54 African countries

    9th of 15 West Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    4.00

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    4.00

    International Cooperation

    5.50

    National Policies and Laws

    5.50

    Judicial System and Detention

    3.50

    Law Enforcement

    3.50

    Territorial Integrity

    4.00

    Anti-Money Laundering

    3.00

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    3.00

    Victim and Witness Support

    2.50

    Prevention

    2.00

    Non-State Actors

    6.00

    3.88 5.00 4.95 3.88 5.00 4.95

    3.88

    State Resilience Score

    26th of 54 African countries

    9th of 15 West Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    4.00

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    4.00

    International Cooperation

    5.50

    National Policies and Laws

    5.50

    Judicial System and Detention

    3.50

    Law Enforcement

    3.50

    Territorial Integrity

    4.00

    Anti-Money Laundering

    3.00

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    3.00

    Victim and Witness Support

    2.50

    Prevention

    2.00

    Non-State Actors

    6.00

    Burkina Faso is ranked 25th in the Index, with moderately high scores for all criminal markets, ranging from 3.5 to 7 and a broad range of moderately influential criminal actors.

    There are no major illicit narcotics markets, although growing consumption of synthetic drugs was noted as a concern by experts. Burkina Faso also faces issues of criminal activity in the environmental markets, but the market for non-renewable resources, notably gold, was the only one deemed as exerting a significant negative influence on society. Human smuggling, human trafficking and arms trafficking were all deemed to be of similar pervasiveness, scoring between 5 and 6. Burkina Faso has a broad range of criminal actors, all of which are established but without exerting very significant influence, as highlighted by their scores, which range from 4 to 6.5. In terms of resilience, Burkina Faso scores moderately, ranking 26th in Africa with a score of 3.88. The new government appears to be proactive in its stance against organised crime, but its ability to make impactful change is hampered by insufficient funding, some state involvement in criminal markets, and functional deficiencies within its institutions.

    Analyses

    Évaluation stratégique de la criminalité organisée dans la région de l’Afrique de l’Ouest 2018

    Les syndicats du crime restent très connectés au-delà des frontières en Afrique de l'Ouest et sont actifs sur un certain nombre de marchés illicites.

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    The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.