Malawi
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    Malawi

    Capital

    Lilongwe

    Population

    18,143,315

    Area

    94,280 km²

    Landborder Length

    2,857 km

    GDP total

    $7,064.97 million

    GDP per capita

    $389.40

    GINI Index

    44.7

    3.88

    Criminality Score

    43rd of 54 African countries

    8th of 13 Southern Africa countries

    Criminal market

    4.00

    Human Trafficking

    4.50

    Human Smuggling

    3.00

    Arms Trafficking

    4.00

    Flora Crimes

    4.00

    Fauna Crimes

    6.50

    Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

    4.00

    Heroin Trade

    4.00

    Cocaine Trade

    2.50

    Cannabis Trade

    6.00

    Synthetic Drugs Trade

    1.50

    Criminal Actors

    3.75

    Mafia-Style Groups

    2.00

    Criminal Networks

    3.50

    State-Embedded Actors

    4.50

    Foreign Actors

    5.00

    4.38

    State Resilience Score

    19th of 54 African countries

    6th of 13 Southern Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    5.00

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    4.50

    International Cooperation

    4.50

    National Policies and Laws

    5.50

    Judicial System and Detention

    5.00

    Law Enforcement

    4.50

    Territorial Integrity

    2.50

    Anti-Money Laundering

    6.00

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    4.00

    Victim and Witness Support

    2.00

    Prevention

    3.00

    Non-State Actors

    6.00

    4.38 3.75 4.00 4.38 3.75 4.00

    4.38

    State Resilience Score

    19th of 54 African countries

    6th of 13 Southern Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    5.00

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    4.50

    International Cooperation

    4.50

    National Policies and Laws

    5.50

    Judicial System and Detention

    5.00

    Law Enforcement

    4.50

    Territorial Integrity

    2.50

    Anti-Money Laundering

    6.00

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    4.00

    Victim and Witness Support

    2.00

    Prevention

    3.00

    Non-State Actors

    6.00

    Malawi ranks 43rd for criminality, primarily due to general the absence of any criminal markets that have any significant impact on society.

    High scores for the cannabis trade and fauna crimes, however, indicate these are the most significant criminal markets in Malawi. While the majority of criminal markets are described as active, they are not as pervasive as in other African countries. State-embedded actors and foreign actors the most influence criminal actors in Malawi and are reported to be prevalent in human trafficking and wildlife trafficking. In terms of resilience, ranking 19th in Africa, Malawi is assessed to have greater levels of resilience than the majority of African states. Its porous borders have led to Malawi becoming a transit country for all types of organised crime, though the government is working with the UN to combat this. Prevention measures and frameworks are in place, but due to the porous borders and lack of resources for law enforcement, their effectiveness is often limited.

    Analyses

    No smoke without fire: the illicit cigarette trade in South Africa

    Cheap and readily available illicit cigarettes are becoming a lucrative source of income for organised criminals.

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    The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.