Sierra Leone
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    Sierra Leone

    Capital

    Freetown

    Population

    7,650,154

    Area

    72,180 km²

    Coastline Length

    402 km

    Landborder Length

    1,093 km

    GDP total

    $3,999.95 million

    GDP per capita

    $522.86

    GINI Index

    34.0

    5.00

    Criminality Score

    23rd of 54 African countries

    7th of 15 West Africa countries

    Criminal market

    5.00

    Human Trafficking

    5.00

    Human Smuggling

    2.50

    Arms Trafficking

    5.00

    Flora Crimes

    6.50

    Fauna Crimes

    6.50

    Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

    7.00

    Heroin Trade

    2.00

    Cocaine Trade

    4.00

    Cannabis Trade

    7.00

    Synthetic Drugs Trade

    4.50

    Criminal Actors

    5.00

    Mafia-Style Groups

    1.00

    Criminal Networks

    5.50

    State-Embedded Actors

    7.00

    Foreign Actors

    6.50

    3.33

    State Resilience Score

    32nd of 54 African countries

    12th of 15 West Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    3.00

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    2.50

    International Cooperation

    4.00

    National Policies and Laws

    2.50

    Judicial System and Detention

    3.00

    Law Enforcement

    4.00

    Territorial Integrity

    4.00

    Anti-Money Laundering

    3.00

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    3.00

    Victim and Witness Support

    2.50

    Prevention

    3.00

    Non-State Actors

    5.50

    3.33 5.00 5.00 3.33 5.00 5.00

    3.33

    State Resilience Score

    32nd of 54 African countries

    12th of 15 West Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    3.00

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    2.50

    International Cooperation

    4.00

    National Policies and Laws

    2.50

    Judicial System and Detention

    3.00

    Law Enforcement

    4.00

    Territorial Integrity

    4.00

    Anti-Money Laundering

    3.00

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    3.00

    Victim and Witness Support

    2.50

    Prevention

    3.00

    Non-State Actors

    5.50

    Sierra Leone scores marginally above the African average for criminality, ranking 23rd in the Index.

    The country’s most prominent criminal markets are those pertaining to the environmental sector, all three of which having a significant negative impact in Sierra Leone. Pangolin trafficking, illegal diamond mining and illicit logging activities all contribute to the high environmental-crime scores – from 6.5 to 7. Also noteworthy is the widespread production and consumption of cannabis, reported as having permeated every sector of Sierra Leonean society. State-embedded criminal actors are particularly influential in Sierra Leone, at best doing very little to stem organised-criminal activity and, in many cases, actively involved in it. Foreign criminal actors are also prominent, operating primarily in the environmental-crime markets. In terms of resilience, Sierra Leone performs relatively poorly, ranking 32nd in Africa, below the continental average. The country’s legislative framework on organised crime is weak, hampered by endemic corruption and underfunded institutions. Nevertheless, the civil society landscape in Sierra Leone is vibrant, with non-state actors often filling crucial gaps in the provision of public services.

    Analyses

    Diamonds are not necessarily forever

    African governments’ resistance to expanding the definition of conflict diamonds could jeopardise the market for mined gems.

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    The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.