Democratic Republic of the Congo
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    Democratic Republic of the Congo

    Capital

    Kinshasa

    Population

    84,068,091

    Area

    2,267,050 km²

    Coastline Length

    37 km

    Landborder Length

    10,481 km

    GDP total

    $47,227.54 million

    GDP per capita

    $561.78

    GINI Index

    42.1

    7.29

    Criminality Score

    2nd of 54 African countries

    1st of 11 Central Africa countries

    Criminal Actors

    8.13

    Mafia-Style Groups

    8.50

    Criminal Networks

    8.00

    State-Embedded Actors

    8.00

    Foreign Actors

    8.00

    Criminal market

    6.45

    Human Trafficking

    7.50

    Human Smuggling

    5.50

    Arms Trafficking

    9.00

    Flora Crimes

    8.50

    Fauna Crimes

    8.00

    Non-renewable-resource crimes

    9.00

    Heroin Trade

    4.00

    Cocaine Trade

    3.50

    Cannabis Trade

    7.00

    Synthetic Drugs Trade

    2.50

    1.96

    Resilience Score

    50th of 54 African countries

    9th of 11 Central Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    1.00

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    1.50

    International Cooperation

    2.00

    National Policies and Laws

    3.50

    Judicial System and Detention

    2.00

    Law Enforcement

    1.00

    Territorial Integrity

    2.00

    Anti-Money Laundering

    1.50

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    1.50

    Victim and Witness Support

    2.00

    Prevention

    1.50

    Non-State Actors

    4.00

    1.96 8.13 6.45 1.96 8.13 6.45

    1.96

    Resilience Score

    50th of 54 African countries

    9th of 11 Central Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    1.00

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    1.50

    International Cooperation

    2.00

    National Policies and Laws

    3.50

    Judicial System and Detention

    2.00

    Law Enforcement

    1.00

    Territorial Integrity

    2.00

    Anti-Money Laundering

    1.50

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    1.50

    Victim and Witness Support

    2.00

    Prevention

    1.50

    Non-State Actors

    4.00

    The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) ranks 2nd in Africa criminality, with eight out of ten criminal markets scoring above 5, and all criminal actor types scoring 8 or above.

    A relatively notable differential between the two criminality subcomponents suggests that criminal actors drive the DRC’s overall criminality score. In terms of criminal markets, environmental crimes consistently have high scores, with concerns that illegal logging, poaching and wildlife trafficking are rife. Most notable, however, are non-renewable resource crimes. Actors, from government forces to rebel militia, are involved in, and benefit from, the illicit trade of gold and criminal control of artisanal mining of conflict minerals and cobalt. These mines are also hotspots for the pervasive human trafficking and human smuggling markets. Armed mafia-style groups, and national and international criminal networks, are involved in high levels of organised crime throughout nearly all criminal markets and there is a high level of corruption within the government. This directly impacts the DRC’s resilience to organised crime and hinders all operations within the country. Across all resilience indicators, there is a marked lack of capacity to prevent and combat organised crime, and it is therefore entrenched in society. The DRC ranks 50th in Africa for resilience.

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    The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.