Southern Africa
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Southern Africa

Population

173,613,198

Area

5,247,721 km²

GDP total

$515,289.08 million

Countries

Botswana, Comoros, eSwatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

4.44

Criminality Score

5th of 5 African regions

Criminal market

4.05

Human Trafficking

4.08

Human Smuggling

3.12

Arms Trafficking

3.88

Flora Crimes

4.19

Fauna Crimes

5.69

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

4.46

Heroin Trade

4.88

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

4.19

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.54

Criminal Actors

4.82

Mafia-Style Groups

2.62

Criminal Networks

5.12

State-Embedded Actors

5.65

Foreign Actors

5.88

4.27

State Resilience Score

1st of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

4.62

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.12

International Cooperation

4.50

National Policies and Laws

5.38

Judicial System and Detention

4.27

Law Enforcement

4.35

Territorial Integrity

4.42

Anti-Money Laundering

4.46

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.31

Victim and Witness Support

2.77

Prevention

2.88

Non-State Actors

5.12

4.27 4.82 4.05 4.27 4.82 4.05

Southern Africa, comprising 13 countries, was found to be the lowest-scoring region in Africa for criminality, with the regional averages for criminality (4.44), criminal markets (4.05) and criminal actors (4.82) the lowest of the five regions.

Just as the region is the best-performing region with regards to criminality, Southern Africa also has the highest average resilience score on the continent.

Tunisia

Capital

Tunis

Population

11,565,204

Area

155,360 km²

Coastline Length

1,148 km

Landborder Length

1,495 km

GDP total

$39,860.72 million

GDP per capita

$3,446.61

GINI Index

32.8

3.27

Criminality Score

53rd of 54 African countries

6th of 6 North Africa countries

Criminal market

3.40

Human Trafficking

4.00

Human Smuggling

5.00

Arms Trafficking

3.50

Flora Crimes

1.00

Fauna Crimes

3.50

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

4.00

Heroin Trade

2.00

Cocaine Trade

2.00

Cannabis Trade

5.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

4.00

Criminal Actors

3.13

Mafia-Style Groups

1.00

Criminal Networks

3.50

State-Embedded Actors

5.00

Foreign Actors

3.00

5.29

State Resilience Score

12th of 54 African countries

2nd of 6 North Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

7.00

Government Transparency and Accountability

6.50

International Cooperation

4.50

National Policies and Laws

6.50

Judicial System and Detention

4.50

Law Enforcement

4.50

Territorial Integrity

5.50

Anti-Money Laundering

5.00

Economic Regulatory Environment

5.50

Victim and Witness Support

5.00

Prevention

2.00

Non-State Actors

7.00

5.29 3.13 3.40 5.29 3.13 3.40

Tunisia is the second-best-performing country in the Index for criminality, ranking 53rd overall, and with the lowest overall criminality score in North Africa.

Unlike the majority of African countries, Tunisia’s criminal markets score is higher than its criminal actors score. The country’s score for human smuggling is above the continental average, but the majority of criminal markets are far less pervasive in Tunisia than elsewhere in Africa. Human smuggling is prominent, with the country acting both as an origin and transit country for migrants being smuggled across the Mediterranean to Europe. However, levels of violence and exploitation surrounding human smuggling in Tunisia are far lower than in numerous countries in Africa. State-embedded actors exert the greatest degree of influence on organised crime in Tunisia, scoring 5. Other criminal actor typologies have little to no influence. Tunisia is fairly resilient to organised crime, ranking 12th overall for resilience, second only to Morocco in North Africa. Government leadership in addressing organised crime and relatively high levels of transparency and accountability, in addition to a robust legislative framework and a vocal and vibrant civil society, contribute to high levels of resilience. However, organised crime prevention measures are very weak. There is significant scope for improvement in enhancing the capacity of the judicial system and law enforcement agencies.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.