Southern Africa
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Southern Africa

Population

173,613,198

Area

5,247,721 km²

GDP total

$515,289.08 million

Countries

Botswana, Comoros, eSwatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

4.44

Criminality Score

5th of 5 African regions

Criminal market

4.05

Human Trafficking

4.08

Human Smuggling

3.12

Arms Trafficking

3.88

Flora Crimes

4.19

Fauna Crimes

5.69

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

4.46

Heroin Trade

4.88

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

4.19

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.54

Criminal Actors

4.82

Mafia-Style Groups

2.62

Criminal Networks

5.12

State-Embedded Actors

5.65

Foreign Actors

5.88

4.27

State Resilience Score

1st of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

4.62

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.12

International Cooperation

4.50

National Policies and Laws

5.38

Judicial System and Detention

4.27

Law Enforcement

4.35

Territorial Integrity

4.42

Anti-Money Laundering

4.46

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.31

Victim and Witness Support

2.77

Prevention

2.88

Non-State Actors

5.12

4.27 4.82 4.05 4.27 4.82 4.05

Southern Africa, comprising 13 countries, was found to be the lowest-scoring region in Africa for criminality, with the regional averages for criminality (4.44), criminal markets (4.05) and criminal actors (4.82) the lowest of the five regions.

Just as the region is the best-performing region with regards to criminality, Southern Africa also has the highest average resilience score on the continent.

Burkina Faso

Capital

Ougadougou

Population

19,751,535

Area

273,600 km²

Landborder Length

3,611 km

GDP total

$14,441.76 million

GDP per capita

$731.17

GINI Index

35.3

4.98

Criminality Score

25th of 54 African countries

9th of 15 West Africa countries

Criminal market

4.95

Human Trafficking

5.00

Human Smuggling

5.00

Arms Trafficking

6.00

Flora Crimes

3.50

Fauna Crimes

5.00

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

7.00

Heroin Trade

4.00

Cocaine Trade

3.50

Cannabis Trade

4.50

Synthetic Drugs Trade

6.00

Criminal Actors

5.00

Mafia-Style Groups

4.50

Criminal Networks

5.00

State-Embedded Actors

6.50

Foreign Actors

4.00

3.88

State Resilience Score

26th of 54 African countries

9th of 15 West Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

4.00

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.00

International Cooperation

5.50

National Policies and Laws

5.50

Judicial System and Detention

3.50

Law Enforcement

3.50

Territorial Integrity

4.00

Anti-Money Laundering

3.00

Economic Regulatory Environment

3.00

Victim and Witness Support

2.50

Prevention

2.00

Non-State Actors

6.00

3.88 5.00 4.95 3.88 5.00 4.95

Burkina Faso is ranked 25th in the Index, with moderately high scores for all criminal markets, ranging from 3.5 to 7 and a broad range of moderately influential criminal actors.

There are no major illicit narcotics markets, although growing consumption of synthetic drugs was noted as a concern by experts. Burkina Faso also faces issues of criminal activity in the environmental markets, but the market for non-renewable resources, notably gold, was the only one deemed as exerting a significant negative influence on society. Human smuggling, human trafficking and arms trafficking were all deemed to be of similar pervasiveness, scoring between 5 and 6. Burkina Faso has a broad range of criminal actors, all of which are established but without exerting very significant influence, as highlighted by their scores, which range from 4 to 6.5. In terms of resilience, Burkina Faso scores moderately, ranking 26th in Africa with a score of 3.88. The new government appears to be proactive in its stance against organised crime, but its ability to make impactful change is hampered by insufficient funding, some state involvement in criminal markets, and functional deficiencies within its institutions.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.