Southern Africa
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Southern Africa

Population

173,613,198

Area

5,247,721 km²

GDP total

$515,289.08 million

Countries

Botswana, Comoros, eSwatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

4.44

Criminality Score

5th of 5 African regions

Criminal market

4.05

Human Trafficking

4.08

Human Smuggling

3.12

Arms Trafficking

3.88

Flora Crimes

4.19

Fauna Crimes

5.69

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

4.46

Heroin Trade

4.88

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

4.19

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.54

Criminal Actors

4.82

Mafia-Style Groups

2.62

Criminal Networks

5.12

State-Embedded Actors

5.65

Foreign Actors

5.88

4.27

State Resilience Score

1st of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

4.62

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.12

International Cooperation

4.50

National Policies and Laws

5.38

Judicial System and Detention

4.27

Law Enforcement

4.35

Territorial Integrity

4.42

Anti-Money Laundering

4.46

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.31

Victim and Witness Support

2.77

Prevention

2.88

Non-State Actors

5.12

4.27 4.82 4.05 4.27 4.82 4.05

Southern Africa, comprising 13 countries, was found to be the lowest-scoring region in Africa for criminality, with the regional averages for criminality (4.44), criminal markets (4.05) and criminal actors (4.82) the lowest of the five regions.

Just as the region is the best-performing region with regards to criminality, Southern Africa also has the highest average resilience score on the continent.

Guinea-Bissau

Capital

Bissau

Population

1,874,309

Area

28,120 km²

Coastline Length

350 km

Landborder Length

762 km

GDP total

$1,458.16 million

GDP per capita

$777.97

GINI Index

50.7

4.99

Criminality Score

24th of 54 African countries

8th of 15 West Africa countries

Criminal market

4.35

Human Trafficking

3.00

Human Smuggling

2.50

Arms Trafficking

4.50

Flora Crimes

8.00

Fauna Crimes

5.50

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

1.00

Heroin Trade

5.00

Cocaine Trade

7.00

Cannabis Trade

5.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

2.00

Criminal Actors

5.63

Mafia-Style Groups

1.50

Criminal Networks

7.50

State-Embedded Actors

7.50

Foreign Actors

6.00

2.67

State Resilience Score

42nd of 54 African countries

14th of 15 West Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

2.50

Government Transparency and Accountability

2.00

International Cooperation

4.00

National Policies and Laws

4.00

Judicial System and Detention

3.00

Law Enforcement

3.50

Territorial Integrity

3.00

Anti-Money Laundering

2.50

Economic Regulatory Environment

1.50

Victim and Witness Support

1.00

Prevention

1.00

Non-State Actors

4.00

2.67 5.63 4.35 2.67 5.63 4.35

Guinea-Bissau is ranked 24th for criminality in the Index, with a score of 4.99, at almost exactly the African average.

The country’s scores for criminal markets fluctuate greatly, the most pervasive and established of which are flora crimes and the cocaine trade. Additionally, the markets for other illicit narcotics were deemed as moderately influential, owing in large part to the smuggling of cannabis and heroin through Guinea-Bissau. The country’s criminal actors score is considerably higher than its criminal markets score, with criminal networks, state-embedded actors and foreign actors all scoring a 6 or above. The entrenched relationship between international criminal networks and the country’s political-military elites is of particular concern. With regard to resilience, Guinea-Bissau score poorly, ranking 42nd in Africa, with no indicator score exceeding 4. Chronic political instability and a weak government have meant that little progress has been made in the fight against organised crime. Moreover, government involvement in organised crime, insufficient arrangements to help victims or witnesses, and the state’s extremely ineffective criminal-justice system and economic regulatory environment are among the many obstacles that currently blight Guinea-Bissau.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.