Southern Africa
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Southern Africa

Population

173,613,198

Area

5,247,721 km²

GDP total

$515,289.08 million

Countries

Botswana, Comoros, eSwatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

4.44

Criminality Score

5th of 5 African regions

Criminal market

4.05

Human Trafficking

4.08

Human Smuggling

3.12

Arms Trafficking

3.88

Flora Crimes

4.19

Fauna Crimes

5.69

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

4.46

Heroin Trade

4.88

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

4.19

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.54

Criminal Actors

4.82

Mafia-Style Groups

2.62

Criminal Networks

5.12

State-Embedded Actors

5.65

Foreign Actors

5.88

4.27

State Resilience Score

1st of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

4.62

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.12

International Cooperation

4.50

National Policies and Laws

5.38

Judicial System and Detention

4.27

Law Enforcement

4.35

Territorial Integrity

4.42

Anti-Money Laundering

4.46

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.31

Victim and Witness Support

2.77

Prevention

2.88

Non-State Actors

5.12

4.27 4.82 4.05 4.27 4.82 4.05

Southern Africa, comprising 13 countries, was found to be the lowest-scoring region in Africa for criminality, with the regional averages for criminality (4.44), criminal markets (4.05) and criminal actors (4.82) the lowest of the five regions.

Just as the region is the best-performing region with regards to criminality, Southern Africa also has the highest average resilience score on the continent.

Cameroon

Capital

Yaounde

Population

25,216,237

Area

472,710 km²

Coastline Length

402 km

Landborder Length

5,018 km

GDP total

$38,502.06 million

GDP per capita

$1,526.88

GINI Index

46.6

5.98

Criminality Score

13th of 54 African countries

3rd of 11 Central Africa countries

Criminal market

5.95

Human Trafficking

6.50

Human Smuggling

5.50

Arms Trafficking

6.00

Flora Crimes

7.50

Fauna Crimes

7.50

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

7.50

Heroin Trade

4.00

Cocaine Trade

2.00

Cannabis Trade

6.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

7.00

Criminal Actors

6.00

Mafia-Style Groups

3.50

Criminal Networks

7.50

State-Embedded Actors

8.00

Foreign Actors

5.00

3.33

State Resilience Score

32nd of 54 African countries

4th of 11 Central Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

2.50

Government Transparency and Accountability

2.00

International Cooperation

5.00

National Policies and Laws

4.50

Judicial System and Detention

3.00

Law Enforcement

4.00

Territorial Integrity

3.00

Anti-Money Laundering

3.50

Economic Regulatory Environment

3.00

Victim and Witness Support

2.50

Prevention

2.00

Non-State Actors

5.00

3.33 6.00 5.95 3.33 6.00 5.95

Cameroon has high levels of organised crime, ranking 13th in Africa for criminality.

With the exception of the cocaine and heroin markets, all other criminal markets in the country are considered to have a moderate to significant negative influence on society. Human trafficking and smuggling are prevalent throughout the country although the highest scores are in the environmental criminal markets. There are concerns surrounding illicit trafficking and smuggling of timber, gemstones and stolen fuel. Furthermore, Cameroon has become a hotspot for the poaching, smuggling and trafficking of wildlife products, and these markets are often controlled by national criminal networks. Cameroon is considered a highly corrupt state, with criminal state-embedded actors having a negative impact on nearly all parts of society as a result of their involvement in numerous criminal markets, scoring 8. In terms of resilience, Cameroon’s opaque government means that there are high levels of corruption, which undermines any ability to combat organised crime effectively. While Cameroon scores relatively well on international cooperation and non-state actors, most other resilience indicators are characterised by extreme ineffectiveness. Indeed, Cameroon ranks 32nd in Africa on overall resilience.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.