Southern Africa
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Southern Africa

Population

173,613,198

Area

5,247,721 km²

GDP total

$515,289.08 million

Countries

Botswana, Comoros, eSwatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

4.44

Criminality Score

5th of 5 African regions

Criminal market

4.05

Human Trafficking

4.08

Human Smuggling

3.12

Arms Trafficking

3.88

Flora Crimes

4.19

Fauna Crimes

5.69

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

4.46

Heroin Trade

4.88

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

4.19

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.54

Criminal Actors

4.82

Mafia-Style Groups

2.62

Criminal Networks

5.12

State-Embedded Actors

5.65

Foreign Actors

5.88

4.27

State Resilience Score

1st of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

4.62

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.12

International Cooperation

4.50

National Policies and Laws

5.38

Judicial System and Detention

4.27

Law Enforcement

4.35

Territorial Integrity

4.42

Anti-Money Laundering

4.46

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.31

Victim and Witness Support

2.77

Prevention

2.88

Non-State Actors

5.12

4.27 4.82 4.05 4.27 4.82 4.05

Southern Africa, comprising 13 countries, was found to be the lowest-scoring region in Africa for criminality, with the regional averages for criminality (4.44), criminal markets (4.05) and criminal actors (4.82) the lowest of the five regions.

Just as the region is the best-performing region with regards to criminality, Southern Africa also has the highest average resilience score on the continent.

Eritrea

Capital

Asmara

Population

5,187,948

Area

101,000 km²

Coastline Length

2,234 km

Landborder Length

1,840 km

GDP total

$6,720.00 million

GDP per capita

$1,295.31

4.27

Criminality Score

39th of 54 African countries

8th of 9 East Africa countries

Criminal market

3.90

Human Trafficking

8.50

Human Smuggling

8.00

Arms Trafficking

6.00

Flora Crimes

1.50

Fauna Crimes

2.00

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

3.00

Heroin Trade

3.00

Cocaine Trade

1.50

Cannabis Trade

4.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

1.50

Criminal Actors

4.63

Mafia-Style Groups

1.00

Criminal Networks

5.50

State-Embedded Actors

9.50

Foreign Actors

2.50

2.33

State Resilience Score

46th of 54 African countries

7th of 9 East Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

1.00

Government Transparency and Accountability

1.00

International Cooperation

2.00

National Policies and Laws

2.50

Judicial System and Detention

2.00

Law Enforcement

3.00

Territorial Integrity

7.00

Anti-Money Laundering

3.00

Economic Regulatory Environment

2.50

Victim and Witness Support

1.00

Prevention

2.00

Non-State Actors

1.00

2.33 4.63 3.90 2.33 4.63 3.90

Eritrea ranks 39th in the Index, with high scores for only a few criminal markets and criminal actors.

The involvement of state-embedded actors and criminal networks in human trafficking, arms trafficking and human smuggling are deemed to be major issues, exerting a significant to severe negative influence on society. Eritrea is ranked as one of Africa’s least-resilient countries, in 46th place, with only one indicator in the resilience component scoring above 3. The country's authoritarian regime, which many Eritreans perceive as a ‘mafia organisation’, lacks the political will to combat organised crime, in many cases participating in illicit activities itself. The absence of victim and witness support, press censorship and endemic corruption also play a part in the low resilience scores attributed by experts.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.