Southern Africa
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Southern Africa

Population

173,613,198

Area

5,247,721 km²

GDP total

$515,289.08 million

Countries

Botswana, Comoros, eSwatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

4.44

Criminality Score

5th of 5 African regions

Criminal market

4.05

Human Trafficking

4.08

Human Smuggling

3.12

Arms Trafficking

3.88

Flora Crimes

4.19

Fauna Crimes

5.69

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

4.46

Heroin Trade

4.88

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

4.19

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.54

Criminal Actors

4.82

Mafia-Style Groups

2.62

Criminal Networks

5.12

State-Embedded Actors

5.65

Foreign Actors

5.88

4.27

State Resilience Score

1st of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

4.62

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.12

International Cooperation

4.50

National Policies and Laws

5.38

Judicial System and Detention

4.27

Law Enforcement

4.35

Territorial Integrity

4.42

Anti-Money Laundering

4.46

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.31

Victim and Witness Support

2.77

Prevention

2.88

Non-State Actors

5.12

4.27 4.82 4.05 4.27 4.82 4.05

Southern Africa, comprising 13 countries, was found to be the lowest-scoring region in Africa for criminality, with the regional averages for criminality (4.44), criminal markets (4.05) and criminal actors (4.82) the lowest of the five regions.

Just as the region is the best-performing region with regards to criminality, Southern Africa also has the highest average resilience score on the continent.

Zimbabwe

Capital

Harare

Population

14,439,018

Area

386,850 km²

Landborder Length

3,229 km

GDP total

$31,000.52 million

GDP per capita

$2,147.00

GINI Index

43.2

5.42

Criminality Score

19th of 54 African countries

3rd of 13 Southern Africa countries

Criminal market

4.70

Human Trafficking

5.00

Human Smuggling

3.00

Arms Trafficking

3.50

Flora Crimes

4.00

Fauna Crimes

7.50

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

8.00

Heroin Trade

4.00

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

4.50

Synthetic Drugs Trade

5.00

Criminal Actors

6.13

Mafia-Style Groups

3.50

Criminal Networks

7.50

State-Embedded Actors

8.50

Foreign Actors

5.00

3.33

State Resilience Score

32nd of 54 African countries

9th of 13 Southern Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

2.50

Government Transparency and Accountability

2.00

International Cooperation

3.00

National Policies and Laws

3.50

Judicial System and Detention

2.50

Law Enforcement

3.50

Territorial Integrity

6.00

Anti-Money Laundering

5.00

Economic Regulatory Environment

3.00

Victim and Witness Support

1.00

Prevention

2.00

Non-State Actors

6.00

3.33 6.13 4.70 3.33 6.13 4.70

Zimbabwe ranks 19th in the Index, with its poorest criminality scores in illegal environmental markets, criminal networks and state-embedded actors.

Criminal networks and state-embedded actors act together to exploit the country’s resources, especially non-renewable resources such as diamonds, but also fauna. Although Zimbabwe’s illicit narcotics markets, human trafficking, human smuggling, and arms trafficking are all established, scores were moderate in comparison to the environmental markets. In terms of resilience, Zimbabwe scores fairly poorly across all areas, ranking 32nd, with only two categories scoring above 5. However, experts note Zimbabwe’s control over its territorial integrity and the active role of civil society organisations as positive. However, generally low resilience scores are largely due to the participation of state officials in illicit networks. High levels of state corruption at all levels, insufficient victim and witness support, and insufficient prevention of organised crime contribute to the low resilience scores overall.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.