Southern Africa
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Southern Africa

Population

173,613,198

Area

5,247,721 km²

GDP total

$515,289.08 million

Countries

Botswana, Comoros, eSwatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

4.44

Criminality Score

5th of 5 African regions

Criminal market

4.05

Human Trafficking

4.08

Human Smuggling

3.12

Arms Trafficking

3.88

Flora Crimes

4.19

Fauna Crimes

5.69

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

4.46

Heroin Trade

4.88

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

4.19

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.54

Criminal Actors

4.82

Mafia-Style Groups

2.62

Criminal Networks

5.12

State-Embedded Actors

5.65

Foreign Actors

5.88

4.27

State Resilience Score

1st of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

4.62

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.12

International Cooperation

4.50

National Policies and Laws

5.38

Judicial System and Detention

4.27

Law Enforcement

4.35

Territorial Integrity

4.42

Anti-Money Laundering

4.46

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.31

Victim and Witness Support

2.77

Prevention

2.88

Non-State Actors

5.12

4.27 4.82 4.05 4.27 4.82 4.05

Southern Africa, comprising 13 countries, was found to be the lowest-scoring region in Africa for criminality, with the regional averages for criminality (4.44), criminal markets (4.05) and criminal actors (4.82) the lowest of the five regions.

Just as the region is the best-performing region with regards to criminality, Southern Africa also has the highest average resilience score on the continent.

Somalia

Capital

Mogadishu

Population

15,008,154

Area

627,340 km²

Coastline Length

3,025 km

Landborder Length

2,385 km

GDP total

$7,484.00 million

GDP per capita

$498.66

6.40

Criminality Score

4th of 54 African countries

1st of 9 East Africa countries

Criminal market

4.80

Human Trafficking

7.00

Human Smuggling

7.00

Arms Trafficking

9.00

Flora Crimes

6.50

Fauna Crimes

6.00

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

3.00

Heroin Trade

3.00

Cocaine Trade

1.50

Cannabis Trade

3.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

2.00

Criminal Actors

8.00

Mafia-Style Groups

8.50

Criminal Networks

7.50

State-Embedded Actors

9.00

Foreign Actors

7.00

1.42

State Resilience Score

54th of 54 African countries

9th of 9 East Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

1.00

Government Transparency and Accountability

1.00

International Cooperation

1.00

National Policies and Laws

1.50

Judicial System and Detention

1.50

Law Enforcement

1.00

Territorial Integrity

1.50

Anti-Money Laundering

2.00

Economic Regulatory Environment

1.50

Victim and Witness Support

1.00

Prevention

1.00

Non-State Actors

3.00

1.42 8.00 4.80 1.42 8.00 4.80

Somalia ranks 4th in the Index, with one of the highest criminality scores on the continent.

This has been driven mostly by scores of over 7 in all four categories of criminal actors, with each actor-type judged as having a significant or severe negative impact on society. Experts give high scores to criminal markets including human smuggling, human trafficking and arms trafficking, but give low scores to illicit narcotics markets. Somalia’s lack of a legitimate government coupled with endemic corruption and its non-existent legal and judicial system result in it being ranked the least resilient country in Africa, ranking 54th overall.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.