Southern Africa
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Southern Africa

Population

173,613,198

Area

5,247,721 km²

GDP total

$515,289.08 million

Countries

Botswana, Comoros, eSwatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

4.44

Criminality Score

5th of 5 African regions

Criminal market

4.05

Human Trafficking

4.08

Human Smuggling

3.12

Arms Trafficking

3.88

Flora Crimes

4.19

Fauna Crimes

5.69

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

4.46

Heroin Trade

4.88

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

4.19

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.54

Criminal Actors

4.82

Mafia-Style Groups

2.62

Criminal Networks

5.12

State-Embedded Actors

5.65

Foreign Actors

5.88

4.27

State Resilience Score

1st of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

4.62

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.12

International Cooperation

4.50

National Policies and Laws

5.38

Judicial System and Detention

4.27

Law Enforcement

4.35

Territorial Integrity

4.42

Anti-Money Laundering

4.46

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.31

Victim and Witness Support

2.77

Prevention

2.88

Non-State Actors

5.12

4.27 4.82 4.05 4.27 4.82 4.05

Southern Africa, comprising 13 countries, was found to be the lowest-scoring region in Africa for criminality, with the regional averages for criminality (4.44), criminal markets (4.05) and criminal actors (4.82) the lowest of the five regions.

Just as the region is the best-performing region with regards to criminality, Southern Africa also has the highest average resilience score on the continent.

Mauritania

Capital

Nouakchott

Population

4,403,319

Area

1,030,700 km²

Coastline Length

754 km

Landborder Length

5,002 km

GDP total

$5,365.87 million

GDP per capita

$1,218.60

GINI Index

32.6

4.60

Criminality Score

35th of 54 African countries

4th of 6 North Africa countries

Criminal market

3.70

Human Trafficking

7.00

Human Smuggling

4.50

Arms Trafficking

3.50

Flora Crimes

1.00

Fauna Crimes

3.00

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

3.00

Heroin Trade

1.50

Cocaine Trade

5.00

Cannabis Trade

6.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

2.50

Criminal Actors

5.50

Mafia-Style Groups

6.00

Criminal Networks

4.00

State-Embedded Actors

7.00

Foreign Actors

5.00

2.67

State Resilience Score

42nd of 54 African countries

5th of 6 North Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

3.00

Government Transparency and Accountability

2.00

International Cooperation

3.50

National Policies and Laws

3.50

Judicial System and Detention

2.00

Law Enforcement

3.00

Territorial Integrity

4.00

Anti-Money Laundering

3.00

Economic Regulatory Environment

3.00

Victim and Witness Support

1.00

Prevention

2.00

Non-State Actors

2.00

2.67 5.50 3.70 2.67 5.50 3.70

Mauritania’s criminality score falls below the continental average, ranking 35th in Africa and 4th in North Africa.

As with many countries across Africa, Mauritania’s score is driven to a significantly larger extent by its criminal actors score than its criminal markets score. Two criminal markets stand out as particularly detrimental in Mauritania – human trafficking and the cannabis trade, which score 7.5 and 6, respectively – but the majority of criminal markets only have moderate to little influence on society. However, two criminal actor types score above 6 – mafia-style groups and state-embedded actors – reflecting their significant negative influence on society in Mauritania. Criminal networks and foreign actors also have a moderate influence on society and the state’s structures. Overall, while the pervasiveness of criminal markets as a whole is limited in scope, criminal actors of all types are influential in organised crime in Mauritania. Although Mauritania performs better than most African nations with regards to criminality, its resilience score is markedly below the continental average, ranking 42nd. The only indicator not categorised as non-existent or extremely ineffective is territorial integrity. The country is failing in many areas of resilience, notably with regards to levels of government transparency and accountability, the effectiveness of the judicial system and the failure to provide any support to victims and witnesses of organised crime.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.