Southern Africa
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Southern Africa

Population

173,613,198

Area

5,247,721 km²

GDP total

$515,289.08 million

Countries

Botswana, Comoros, eSwatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

4.44

Criminality Score

5th of 5 African regions

Criminal market

4.05

Human Trafficking

4.08

Human Smuggling

3.12

Arms Trafficking

3.88

Flora Crimes

4.19

Fauna Crimes

5.69

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

4.46

Heroin Trade

4.88

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

4.19

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.54

Criminal Actors

4.82

Mafia-Style Groups

2.62

Criminal Networks

5.12

State-Embedded Actors

5.65

Foreign Actors

5.88

4.27

State Resilience Score

1st of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

4.62

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.12

International Cooperation

4.50

National Policies and Laws

5.38

Judicial System and Detention

4.27

Law Enforcement

4.35

Territorial Integrity

4.42

Anti-Money Laundering

4.46

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.31

Victim and Witness Support

2.77

Prevention

2.88

Non-State Actors

5.12

4.27 4.82 4.05 4.27 4.82 4.05

Southern Africa, comprising 13 countries, was found to be the lowest-scoring region in Africa for criminality, with the regional averages for criminality (4.44), criminal markets (4.05) and criminal actors (4.82) the lowest of the five regions.

Just as the region is the best-performing region with regards to criminality, Southern Africa also has the highest average resilience score on the continent.

Liberia

Capital

Monrovia

Population

4,818,977

Area

96,320 km²

Coastline Length

579 km

Landborder Length

1,667 km

GDP total

$3,249.00 million

GDP per capita

$674.21

GINI Index

35.3

4.84

Criminality Score

30th of 54 African countries

11th of 15 West Africa countries

Criminal market

5.55

Human Trafficking

6.00

Human Smuggling

3.00

Arms Trafficking

6.50

Flora Crimes

7.00

Fauna Crimes

6.00

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

7.00

Heroin Trade

5.50

Cocaine Trade

5.00

Cannabis Trade

6.50

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.00

Criminal Actors

4.13

Mafia-Style Groups

1.00

Criminal Networks

5.50

State-Embedded Actors

6.00

Foreign Actors

4.00

3.83

State Resilience Score

27th of 54 African countries

10th of 15 West Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

4.50

Government Transparency and Accountability

3.00

International Cooperation

5.50

National Policies and Laws

4.50

Judicial System and Detention

3.50

Law Enforcement

4.00

Territorial Integrity

4.00

Anti-Money Laundering

3.50

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.00

Victim and Witness Support

1.00

Prevention

2.50

Non-State Actors

6.00

3.83 4.13 5.55 3.83 4.13 5.55

Liberia is ranked 30th in the Index, scoring marginally better than the continental average for criminality.

Unlike many African countries, the criminal markets in Liberia are more pervasive than criminal actors are influential. Indeed, many criminal markets in the country have a significant influence, none more so than the environmental-crime markets, with both illicit flora and non-renewables scoring 7, owing largely to illegal deforestation, and rampant diamond and gold smuggling. The high levels of cannabis production and consumption are also a worrying sign for Liberia, as is the arms trafficking market. Criminal networks, armed and violent, and state-embedded actors were judged as the most established and pervasive criminal actors, scoring 5.5 and 6, respectively. With regard to resilience, while Liberia’s score is level with the continental average, most of the indicators score between just 2.5 and 4.5. This is because, although civil-society organisations play an active and positive role in the country, and there are high levels of international cooperation, significant issues remain in the fight against organised crime. Notably, high levels of corruption and insufficient funding have limited the effectiveness of Liberian institutions in combating organised crime, while support provided to victims and witnesses is non-existent.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.