Southern Africa
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Southern Africa

Population

173,613,198

Area

5,247,721 km²

GDP total

$515,289.08 million

Countries

Botswana, Comoros, eSwatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

4.44

Criminality Score

5th of 5 African regions

Criminal market

4.05

Human Trafficking

4.08

Human Smuggling

3.12

Arms Trafficking

3.88

Flora Crimes

4.19

Fauna Crimes

5.69

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

4.46

Heroin Trade

4.88

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

4.19

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.54

Criminal Actors

4.82

Mafia-Style Groups

2.62

Criminal Networks

5.12

State-Embedded Actors

5.65

Foreign Actors

5.88

4.27

State Resilience Score

1st of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

4.62

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.12

International Cooperation

4.50

National Policies and Laws

5.38

Judicial System and Detention

4.27

Law Enforcement

4.35

Territorial Integrity

4.42

Anti-Money Laundering

4.46

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.31

Victim and Witness Support

2.77

Prevention

2.88

Non-State Actors

5.12

4.27 4.82 4.05 4.27 4.82 4.05

Southern Africa, comprising 13 countries, was found to be the lowest-scoring region in Africa for criminality, with the regional averages for criminality (4.44), criminal markets (4.05) and criminal actors (4.82) the lowest of the five regions.

Just as the region is the best-performing region with regards to criminality, Southern Africa also has the highest average resilience score on the continent.

Angola

Capital

Luanda

Population

30,809,762

Area

1,246,700 km²

Coastline Length

1,600 km

Landborder Length

5,369 km

GDP total

$105,750.99 million

GDP per capita

$3,432.39

GINI Index

42.7

4.78

Criminality Score

32nd of 54 African countries

6th of 11 Central Africa countries

Criminal market

4.55

Human Trafficking

5.00

Human Smuggling

2.50

Arms Trafficking

5.50

Flora Crimes

7.00

Fauna Crimes

4.00

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

8.50

Heroin Trade

2.50

Cocaine Trade

4.00

Cannabis Trade

3.50

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.00

Criminal Actors

5.00

Mafia-Style Groups

1.00

Criminal Networks

5.50

State-Embedded Actors

8.50

Foreign Actors

5.00

4.33

State Resilience Score

20th of 54 African countries

2nd of 11 Central Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

6.00

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.50

International Cooperation

5.50

National Policies and Laws

5.50

Judicial System and Detention

3.50

Law Enforcement

5.00

Territorial Integrity

6.00

Anti-Money Laundering

4.00

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.00

Victim and Witness Support

2.00

Prevention

3.00

Non-State Actors

3.00

4.33 5.00 4.55 4.33 5.00 4.55

Angola is ranked 32nd in the Index, placing the country just below the continental average for criminality.

High scores in environmental crimes and arms trafficking in particular, drives the overall high ranking, though the country also has two other criminal markets, the human trafficking and cocaine markets, that were assessed as having a moderate negative impact on society. Widespread corruption in the state apparatus, along with the engagement of criminal networks in numerous illicit economies resulted in scores being increased by experts. In terms of resilience, Angola rank 20th in Africa, performing better than the continental average. Although Angola has sufficiently strong, state-led institutions and frameworks, including law enforcement, as well as high international engagement, the country scores poorly in the protection of victims and support for civil society.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.