Southern Africa
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Southern Africa

Population

173,613,198

Area

5,247,721 km²

GDP total

$515,289.08 million

Countries

Botswana, Comoros, eSwatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

4.44

Criminality Score

5th of 5 African regions

Criminal market

4.05

Human Trafficking

4.08

Human Smuggling

3.12

Arms Trafficking

3.88

Flora Crimes

4.19

Fauna Crimes

5.69

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

4.46

Heroin Trade

4.88

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

4.19

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.54

Criminal Actors

4.82

Mafia-Style Groups

2.62

Criminal Networks

5.12

State-Embedded Actors

5.65

Foreign Actors

5.88

4.27

State Resilience Score

1st of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

4.62

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.12

International Cooperation

4.50

National Policies and Laws

5.38

Judicial System and Detention

4.27

Law Enforcement

4.35

Territorial Integrity

4.42

Anti-Money Laundering

4.46

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.31

Victim and Witness Support

2.77

Prevention

2.88

Non-State Actors

5.12

4.27 4.82 4.05 4.27 4.82 4.05

Southern Africa, comprising 13 countries, was found to be the lowest-scoring region in Africa for criminality, with the regional averages for criminality (4.44), criminal markets (4.05) and criminal actors (4.82) the lowest of the five regions.

Just as the region is the best-performing region with regards to criminality, Southern Africa also has the highest average resilience score on the continent.

Comoros

Capital

Moroni

Population

832,322

Area

1,861 km²

Coastline Length

340 km

GDP total

$1,203.08 million

GDP per capita

$1,445.45

GINI Index

45.3

3.74

Criminality Score

45th of 54 African countries

10th of 13 Southern Africa countries

Criminal market

3.10

Human Trafficking

5.00

Human Smuggling

3.50

Arms Trafficking

2.50

Flora Crimes

3.00

Fauna Crimes

6.00

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

1.00

Heroin Trade

5.00

Cocaine Trade

1.50

Cannabis Trade

2.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

1.50

Criminal Actors

4.38

Mafia-Style Groups

1.00

Criminal Networks

4.50

State-Embedded Actors

6.00

Foreign Actors

6.00

2.50

State Resilience Score

45th of 54 African countries

13th of 13 Southern Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

2.50

Government Transparency and Accountability

2.00

International Cooperation

3.00

National Policies and Laws

2.50

Judicial System and Detention

2.00

Law Enforcement

2.00

Territorial Integrity

3.00

Anti-Money Laundering

4.00

Economic Regulatory Environment

3.00

Victim and Witness Support

1.50

Prevention

1.00

Non-State Actors

3.50

2.50 4.38 3.10 2.50 4.38 3.10

Comoros scores low on criminality, ranking 45th out of 54 African countries in the Index.

This is primarily due to the non-existent to little influence of the trade in cocaine, cannabis and synthetic drugs. Notably, however, the heroin trade scores considerably higher because the Comoros islands are a significant trans-shipment point. Among environmental crimes, while non-renewable resources crimes and flora crimes are low-scoring, experts deem fauna crimes to have a significant influence on society. Human trafficking is considered to be a significant problem for Comoros. It is feared corrupt government officials involved in the illicit market may be underreporting it. Comoros ranks 45th for resilience, with only two categories considered to be moderately effective. There are minimal measures for the prevention and curbing of organised crime. This may be due in part to the high level of suspected corruption in the government.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.