Southern Africa
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Southern Africa

Population

173,613,198

Area

5,247,721 km²

GDP total

$515,289.08 million

Countries

Botswana, Comoros, eSwatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

4.44

Criminality Score

5th of 5 African regions

Criminal market

4.05

Human Trafficking

4.08

Human Smuggling

3.12

Arms Trafficking

3.88

Flora Crimes

4.19

Fauna Crimes

5.69

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

4.46

Heroin Trade

4.88

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

4.19

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.54

Criminal Actors

4.82

Mafia-Style Groups

2.62

Criminal Networks

5.12

State-Embedded Actors

5.65

Foreign Actors

5.88

4.27

State Resilience Score

1st of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

4.62

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.12

International Cooperation

4.50

National Policies and Laws

5.38

Judicial System and Detention

4.27

Law Enforcement

4.35

Territorial Integrity

4.42

Anti-Money Laundering

4.46

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.31

Victim and Witness Support

2.77

Prevention

2.88

Non-State Actors

5.12

4.27 4.82 4.05 4.27 4.82 4.05

Southern Africa, comprising 13 countries, was found to be the lowest-scoring region in Africa for criminality, with the regional averages for criminality (4.44), criminal markets (4.05) and criminal actors (4.82) the lowest of the five regions.

Just as the region is the best-performing region with regards to criminality, Southern Africa also has the highest average resilience score on the continent.

Tanzania

Capital

Dodoma

Population

56,318,348

Area

885,800 km²

Coastline Length

1,424 km

Landborder Length

4,161 km

GDP total

$57,437.07 million

GDP per capita

$1,050.68

GINI Index

37.8

5.63

Criminality Score

17th of 54 African countries

6th of 9 East Africa countries

Criminal market

6.25

Human Trafficking

6.00

Human Smuggling

6.00

Arms Trafficking

5.50

Flora Crimes

7.00

Fauna Crimes

7.00

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

6.00

Heroin Trade

7.50

Cocaine Trade

4.50

Cannabis Trade

8.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

5.00

Criminal Actors

5.00

Mafia-Style Groups

3.00

Criminal Networks

6.00

State-Embedded Actors

5.50

Foreign Actors

5.50

4.13

State Resilience Score

22nd of 54 African countries

4th of 9 East Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

6.50

Government Transparency and Accountability

3.00

International Cooperation

4.00

National Policies and Laws

5.50

Judicial System and Detention

5.00

Law Enforcement

5.00

Territorial Integrity

4.50

Anti-Money Laundering

5.50

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.50

Victim and Witness Support

1.00

Prevention

3.00

Non-State Actors

2.00

4.13 5.00 6.25 4.13 5.00 6.25

Tanzania ranks 17th in the Index for criminality, with a broad range of established criminal markets, but an absence of any particularly dominant criminal actor-types.

No criminal market scores below 4.5, which suggests that of the ten markets studied, all have at least a moderate to high negative influence on society. However, with regards to criminal actors, no single actor type appears to dominate organised crime, with scores for criminal networks, state-embedded actors and foreign actors ranging between 5.5 and 6. Overall, Tanzania has become a strategic and important player in a number of regional illicit economies. These include growing drugs markets for cannabis and heroin, where the prevalence of users is high and Tanzanians play an instrumental role in trafficking networks. While resilience is deemed as moderate, ranking 22nd, with the government prioritising the fight against organised crime, evidence of tangible implementation is lacking. Experts note the shrinking space for civil society, and state targeting of lower-level drug users and trafficking victims, as being of significant concern.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.