Southern Africa
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Southern Africa

Population

173,613,198

Area

5,247,721 km²

GDP total

$515,289.08 million

Countries

Botswana, Comoros, eSwatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

4.44

Criminality Score

5th of 5 African regions

Criminal market

4.05

Human Trafficking

4.08

Human Smuggling

3.12

Arms Trafficking

3.88

Flora Crimes

4.19

Fauna Crimes

5.69

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

4.46

Heroin Trade

4.88

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

4.19

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.54

Criminal Actors

4.82

Mafia-Style Groups

2.62

Criminal Networks

5.12

State-Embedded Actors

5.65

Foreign Actors

5.88

4.27

State Resilience Score

1st of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

4.62

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.12

International Cooperation

4.50

National Policies and Laws

5.38

Judicial System and Detention

4.27

Law Enforcement

4.35

Territorial Integrity

4.42

Anti-Money Laundering

4.46

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.31

Victim and Witness Support

2.77

Prevention

2.88

Non-State Actors

5.12

4.27 4.82 4.05 4.27 4.82 4.05

Southern Africa, comprising 13 countries, was found to be the lowest-scoring region in Africa for criminality, with the regional averages for criminality (4.44), criminal markets (4.05) and criminal actors (4.82) the lowest of the five regions.

Just as the region is the best-performing region with regards to criminality, Southern Africa also has the highest average resilience score on the continent.

North Africa

Population

199,328,252

Area

6,769,090 km²

GDP total

$643,626.13 million

Countries

Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Tunisia.

4.73

Criminality Score

4th of 5 African regions

Criminal market

4.41

Human Trafficking

5.75

Human Smuggling

5.75

Arms Trafficking

4.67

Flora Crimes

1.25

Fauna Crimes

3.67

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

4.75

Heroin Trade

2.75

Cocaine Trade

3.58

Cannabis Trade

6.75

Synthetic Drugs Trade

5.17

Criminal Actors

5.05

Mafia-Style Groups

3.33

Criminal Networks

5.33

State-Embedded Actors

6.83

Foreign Actors

4.67

4.19

State Resilience Score

3rd of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

4.67

Government Transparency and Accountability

3.75

International Cooperation

4.08

National Policies and Laws

5.08

Judicial System and Detention

4.17

Law Enforcement

5.17

Territorial Integrity

5.25

Anti-Money Laundering

3.75

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.42

Victim and Witness Support

3.00

Prevention

2.92

Non-State Actors

4.00

4.19 5.05 4.41 4.19 5.05 4.41

North Africa, comprising six countries, has the second-lowest criminality score of the five regions in Africa, with an average score of 4.73.

In line with the rest of the continent, criminal actors in this region drive the criminality score up, with a score of 5.04, which is higher than the region's score for criminal markets (4.41). When looking at each of the criminality components individually, both criminal markets and criminal actors are below the continental averages (4.68 and 5.25, respectively), suggesting perhaps a more limited distribution of the criminality typologies than found in other regions.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.