Southern Africa
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Southern Africa

Population

173,613,198

Area

5,247,721 km²

GDP total

$515,289.08 million

Countries

Botswana, Comoros, eSwatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

4.44

Criminality Score

5th of 5 African regions

Criminal market

4.05

Human Trafficking

4.08

Human Smuggling

3.12

Arms Trafficking

3.88

Flora Crimes

4.19

Fauna Crimes

5.69

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

4.46

Heroin Trade

4.88

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

4.19

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.54

Criminal Actors

4.82

Mafia-Style Groups

2.62

Criminal Networks

5.12

State-Embedded Actors

5.65

Foreign Actors

5.88

4.27

State Resilience Score

1st of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

4.62

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.12

International Cooperation

4.50

National Policies and Laws

5.38

Judicial System and Detention

4.27

Law Enforcement

4.35

Territorial Integrity

4.42

Anti-Money Laundering

4.46

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.31

Victim and Witness Support

2.77

Prevention

2.88

Non-State Actors

5.12

4.27 4.82 4.05 4.27 4.82 4.05

Southern Africa, comprising 13 countries, was found to be the lowest-scoring region in Africa for criminality, with the regional averages for criminality (4.44), criminal markets (4.05) and criminal actors (4.82) the lowest of the five regions.

Just as the region is the best-performing region with regards to criminality, Southern Africa also has the highest average resilience score on the continent.

Zambia

Capital

Lusaka

Population

17,351,822

Area

743,390 km²

Landborder Length

6,043 km

GDP total

$26,720.07 million

GDP per capita

$1,539.90

GINI Index

57.1

4.87

Criminality Score

28th of 54 African countries

5th of 13 Southern Africa countries

Criminal market

4.60

Human Trafficking

5.00

Human Smuggling

2.50

Arms Trafficking

4.00

Flora Crimes

8.00

Fauna Crimes

6.00

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

5.50

Heroin Trade

4.00

Cocaine Trade

3.00

Cannabis Trade

5.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.00

Criminal Actors

5.13

Mafia-Style Groups

3.00

Criminal Networks

4.50

State-Embedded Actors

6.00

Foreign Actors

7.00

3.96

State Resilience Score

24th of 54 African countries

7th of 13 Southern Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

4.50

Government Transparency and Accountability

3.00

International Cooperation

4.50

National Policies and Laws

6.50

Judicial System and Detention

5.00

Law Enforcement

4.50

Territorial Integrity

3.50

Anti-Money Laundering

2.00

Economic Regulatory Environment

5.00

Victim and Witness Support

2.00

Prevention

2.00

Non-State Actors

5.00

3.96 5.13 4.60 3.96 5.13 4.60

Zambia ranks 28th in the Index, falling just below the continental average for criminality.

The major criminal markets in Zambia are in flora, fauna and non-renewable resources, with scores of 8, 6 and 5.5 respectively, suggesting a significant to severe influence. Poaching of wild animals and animal products, illegal logging, and illicit trade in cooper ore and fuel are all reported as major issues. Illicit narcotics markets are deemed as moderate. The cannabis trade is the most established, scoring 5, with production and consumption reported to be widespread. Although all four types of criminal actors exert some form of influence in the country, foreign and state-embedded actors are the most pervasive, due to their involvement in multiple illegal networks. In terms of resilience, Zambia ranks 24th in Africa. Experts judge some areas in the fight against organised crime as somewhat effective, in particular the robust legislative framework. But widespread corruption, weak anti-money laundering capacity and porous borders contribute to poor scores below 5.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.