Southern Africa
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Southern Africa

Population

173,613,198

Area

5,247,721 km²

GDP total

$515,289.08 million

Countries

Botswana, Comoros, eSwatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

4.44

Criminality Score

5th of 5 African regions

Criminal market

4.05

Human Trafficking

4.08

Human Smuggling

3.12

Arms Trafficking

3.88

Flora Crimes

4.19

Fauna Crimes

5.69

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

4.46

Heroin Trade

4.88

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

4.19

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.54

Criminal Actors

4.82

Mafia-Style Groups

2.62

Criminal Networks

5.12

State-Embedded Actors

5.65

Foreign Actors

5.88

4.27

State Resilience Score

1st of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

4.62

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.12

International Cooperation

4.50

National Policies and Laws

5.38

Judicial System and Detention

4.27

Law Enforcement

4.35

Territorial Integrity

4.42

Anti-Money Laundering

4.46

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.31

Victim and Witness Support

2.77

Prevention

2.88

Non-State Actors

5.12

4.27 4.82 4.05 4.27 4.82 4.05

Southern Africa, comprising 13 countries, was found to be the lowest-scoring region in Africa for criminality, with the regional averages for criminality (4.44), criminal markets (4.05) and criminal actors (4.82) the lowest of the five regions.

Just as the region is the best-performing region with regards to criminality, Southern Africa also has the highest average resilience score on the continent.

Madagascar

Capital

Antananarivo

Population

26,262,368

Area

581,800 km²

Coastline Length

4,828 km

GDP total

$12,100.46 million

GDP per capita

$460.75

GINI Index

42.6

5.38

Criminality Score

21st of 54 African countries

4th of 13 Southern Africa countries

Criminal market

5.00

Human Trafficking

5.00

Human Smuggling

3.00

Arms Trafficking

5.00

Flora Crimes

8.00

Fauna Crimes

8.00

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

7.50

Heroin Trade

4.50

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

5.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

1.50

Criminal Actors

5.75

Mafia-Style Groups

4.00

Criminal Networks

3.50

State-Embedded Actors

7.50

Foreign Actors

8.00

3.25

State Resilience Score

35th of 54 African countries

10th of 13 Southern Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

4.00

Government Transparency and Accountability

2.50

International Cooperation

2.00

National Policies and Laws

5.50

Judicial System and Detention

3.00

Law Enforcement

3.00

Territorial Integrity

4.00

Anti-Money Laundering

4.50

Economic Regulatory Environment

3.00

Victim and Witness Support

1.00

Prevention

3.00

Non-State Actors

3.50

3.25 5.75 5.00 3.25 5.75 5.00

Madagascar ranks 21st in Africa for criminality and is reported to have severe problems in many areas, most notably in the environmental crime markets.

They are assessed as having a negative influence on nearly every part of society. Foreign actors and state-embedded actors have a significant and spreading negative impact, due to their pervasive role throughout many criminal markets. In terms of resilience, Madagascar performs worse than the majority of African states, ranking 35th on the continent. Madagascar has legislation and frameworks in place to deal with organised crime, but due to reported corruption and poor economic stability, little has been done to ensure the efficacy of responses.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.