East Africa
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East Africa

Population

333,591,531

Area

5,908,725 km²

GDP total

$318,129.26 million

Countries

Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda.

5.51

Criminality Score

1st of 5 African regions

Criminal market

4.96

Human Trafficking

6.61

Human Smuggling

6.22

Arms Trafficking

6.78

Flora Crimes

4.56

Fauna Crimes

5.17

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

5.17

Heroin Trade

3.89

Cocaine Trade

2.61

Cannabis Trade

5.61

Synthetic Drugs Trade

2.94

Criminal Actors

6.06

Mafia-Style Groups

4.33

Criminal Networks

6.56

State-Embedded Actors

7.00

Foreign Actors

6.33

3.51

State Resilience Score

4th of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

3.67

Government Transparency and Accountability

2.61

International Cooperation

4.17

National Policies and Laws

4.56

Judicial System and Detention

3.56

Law Enforcement

3.72

Territorial Integrity

4.39

Anti-Money Laundering

4.11

Economic Regulatory Environment

3.72

Victim and Witness Support

1.78

Prevention

2.44

Non-State Actors

3.33

3.51 6.06 4.96 3.51 6.06 4.96

The East African region has the highest average criminality score of all five regions on the continent, with an average score of 5.51.

Indeed, six of the nine countries in the region appear in the top 20 highest-scoring countries for criminality, with Somalia and South Sudan leading the way in joint-fourth position, followed closely by Sudan, with the sixth highest criminality score in Africa. In the region, strong trends were identified in both criminal markets and criminal actors, as well as resilience. The region averages higher in terms of criminality (5.51) than the rest of the continent (4.97), with criminal markets at 4.96 (compared to Africa’s overall score of 4.68) and actors at 6.06 (where Africa averages 5.25). In line with other regions, criminal actors in East Africa drive up the overall criminality score. The most prevalent criminal markets in East Africa as a whole are for human trafficking, human smuggling and arms trafficking, each with average scores considerably higher than in the rest of Africa. While East Africa’s average criminal market score is actually lower than West Africa’s, its average criminal actor score of 6.06 is the highest of the five regions on the continent by a notable margin, driven predominantly by the influence of both criminal networks and state-embedded actors. In terms of resilience, East Africa is overall the second least resilient region (after Central Africa), with an average resilience score of 3.50, compared to the African average of 3.86. As is the case with many countries across the continent, resilience measures in this region are focused primarily on heavy security frameworks, at the expense of 'softer' response mechanisms.

Seychelles

Capital

Victoria

Population

96,762

Area

460 km²

Coastline Length

491 km

GDP total

$1,590.18 million

GDP per capita

$16,433.94

GINI Index

46.8

3.93

Criminality Score

42nd of 54 African countries

7th of 13 Southern Africa countries

Criminal market

3.60

Human Trafficking

4.00

Human Smuggling

3.50

Arms Trafficking

2.50

Flora Crimes

3.00

Fauna Crimes

6.00

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

1.00

Heroin Trade

6.50

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

3.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

4.00

Criminal Actors

4.25

Mafia-Style Groups

2.00

Criminal Networks

4.50

State-Embedded Actors

4.00

Foreign Actors

6.50

5.38

State Resilience Score

11th of 54 African countries

4th of 13 Southern Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

6.50

Government Transparency and Accountability

6.50

International Cooperation

6.00

National Policies and Laws

6.00

Judicial System and Detention

5.50

Law Enforcement

7.00

Territorial Integrity

4.50

Anti-Money Laundering

3.50

Economic Regulatory Environment

3.50

Victim and Witness Support

4.00

Prevention

5.50

Non-State Actors

6.00

5.38 4.25 3.60 5.38 4.25 3.60

Seychelles ranks 42nd in the Index for criminality, with fairly low scores across almost all criminal markets and criminal actors.

The heroin trade and fauna crimes are the only two illicit markets reported as being of significant concern, scoring 6.5 and 6, respectively. While other markets are somewhat established, and reported to be growing, none score above 4, suggesting they have at most a moderately negative influence on society. The most active types of criminal actors in Seychelles are foreign actors and criminal networks involved in human trafficking, drug smuggling and wildlife poaching. Nevertheless, levels of organised crime overall are low in Seychelles and criminal actors are not judged to be particularly influential. Seychelles performs well on resilience, ranking 11th in Africa, with most indicators scoring between 5.5 and 7, suggesting the country is sufficiently effective in the combating organised crime. Seychelles’ laws related to organised crime, the success of its law enforcement capacity and organised crime prevention activities all contribute to these good scores. Nevertheless, no area scores above 7, and experts highlight areas for improvement, such as in territorial integrity, economic regulatory environment and anti-money laundering.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.