East Africa
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East Africa

Population

333,591,531

Area

5,908,725 km²

GDP total

$318,129.26 million

Countries

Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda.

5.51

Criminality Score

1st of 5 African regions

Criminal market

4.96

Human Trafficking

6.61

Human Smuggling

6.22

Arms Trafficking

6.78

Flora Crimes

4.56

Fauna Crimes

5.17

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

5.17

Heroin Trade

3.89

Cocaine Trade

2.61

Cannabis Trade

5.61

Synthetic Drugs Trade

2.94

Criminal Actors

6.06

Mafia-Style Groups

4.33

Criminal Networks

6.56

State-Embedded Actors

7.00

Foreign Actors

6.33

3.51

State Resilience Score

4th of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

3.67

Government Transparency and Accountability

2.61

International Cooperation

4.17

National Policies and Laws

4.56

Judicial System and Detention

3.56

Law Enforcement

3.72

Territorial Integrity

4.39

Anti-Money Laundering

4.11

Economic Regulatory Environment

3.72

Victim and Witness Support

1.78

Prevention

2.44

Non-State Actors

3.33

3.51 6.06 4.96 3.51 6.06 4.96

The East African region has the highest average criminality score of all five regions on the continent, with an average score of 5.51.

Indeed, six of the nine countries in the region appear in the top 20 highest-scoring countries for criminality, with Somalia and South Sudan leading the way in joint-fourth position, followed closely by Sudan, with the sixth highest criminality score in Africa. In the region, strong trends were identified in both criminal markets and criminal actors, as well as resilience. The region averages higher in terms of criminality (5.51) than the rest of the continent (4.97), with criminal markets at 4.96 (compared to Africa’s overall score of 4.68) and actors at 6.06 (where Africa averages 5.25). In line with other regions, criminal actors in East Africa drive up the overall criminality score. The most prevalent criminal markets in East Africa as a whole are for human trafficking, human smuggling and arms trafficking, each with average scores considerably higher than in the rest of Africa. While East Africa’s average criminal market score is actually lower than West Africa’s, its average criminal actor score of 6.06 is the highest of the five regions on the continent by a notable margin, driven predominantly by the influence of both criminal networks and state-embedded actors. In terms of resilience, East Africa is overall the second least resilient region (after Central Africa), with an average resilience score of 3.50, compared to the African average of 3.86. As is the case with many countries across the continent, resilience measures in this region are focused primarily on heavy security frameworks, at the expense of 'softer' response mechanisms.

Côte d'Ivoire

Capital

Yamoussoukro

Population

25,069,229

Area

318,000 km²

Coastline Length

515 km

Landborder Length

3,458 km

GDP total

$43,007.05 million

GDP per capita

$1,715.53

GINI Index

41.5

6.23

Criminality Score

8th of 54 African countries

2nd of 15 West Africa countries

Criminal market

5.95

Human Trafficking

7.00

Human Smuggling

5.00

Arms Trafficking

7.00

Flora Crimes

7.50

Fauna Crimes

6.50

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

7.50

Heroin Trade

4.00

Cocaine Trade

3.00

Cannabis Trade

6.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

6.00

Criminal Actors

6.50

Mafia-Style Groups

3.00

Criminal Networks

7.50

State-Embedded Actors

8.00

Foreign Actors

7.50

4.54

State Resilience Score

18th of 54 African countries

6th of 15 West Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

6.00

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.00

International Cooperation

6.00

National Policies and Laws

4.50

Judicial System and Detention

6.00

Law Enforcement

4.00

Territorial Integrity

4.50

Anti-Money Laundering

4.00

Economic Regulatory Environment

5.00

Victim and Witness Support

3.50

Prevention

3.00

Non-State Actors

4.00

4.54 6.50 5.95 4.54 6.50 5.95

Côte d’Ivoire has a high level of criminality, ranking 8th in Africa.

Although most African countries’ criminality score is driven predominantly by the strength and influence of criminal actors, Côte d’Ivoire is an obvious exception, in that it also hosts a plethora of pervasive criminal markets that have a significant negative impact on the country’s society and state structures. In particular, the country's environmental-crime markets exert a significant, and growing, negative influence on nearly all parts of society. Concerns surround illegal logging and criminalised control of the country's gold mines (leading to illegal taxation), as well as human smuggling and human trafficking for labour. The nation is both a transit and origin country for the trafficking of ivory by criminal gangs, and plays a major role in the illegal ape and birds’ markets; corruption is linked to these networking routes and activities. Due to the country’s recent turbulence, it has experienced an increase in the flow of arms, while there are also concerns that the state's fragility will lead to large-scale trafficking of illicit substances. In addition to criminal gangs that operate in the country, and corruption within the government, foreign criminal actors are also thought to have a growing detrimental impact on society. In terms of resilience, Cote d’Ivoire ranks 18th in Africa. This is due to relatively high levels of international cooperation, a strong judicial system and a robust political leadership in the fight against organised crime. However, the country's porous borders and levels of corruption need to be addressed to enhance its ability to combat organised crime effectively.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.