East Africa
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East Africa

Population

333,591,531

Area

5,908,725 km²

GDP total

$318,129.26 million

Countries

Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda.

5.51

Criminality Score

1st of 5 African regions

Criminal market

4.96

Human Trafficking

6.61

Human Smuggling

6.22

Arms Trafficking

6.78

Flora Crimes

4.56

Fauna Crimes

5.17

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

5.17

Heroin Trade

3.89

Cocaine Trade

2.61

Cannabis Trade

5.61

Synthetic Drugs Trade

2.94

Criminal Actors

6.06

Mafia-Style Groups

4.33

Criminal Networks

6.56

State-Embedded Actors

7.00

Foreign Actors

6.33

3.51

State Resilience Score

4th of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

3.67

Government Transparency and Accountability

2.61

International Cooperation

4.17

National Policies and Laws

4.56

Judicial System and Detention

3.56

Law Enforcement

3.72

Territorial Integrity

4.39

Anti-Money Laundering

4.11

Economic Regulatory Environment

3.72

Victim and Witness Support

1.78

Prevention

2.44

Non-State Actors

3.33

3.51 6.06 4.96 3.51 6.06 4.96

The East African region has the highest average criminality score of all five regions on the continent, with an average score of 5.51.

Indeed, six of the nine countries in the region appear in the top 20 highest-scoring countries for criminality, with Somalia and South Sudan leading the way in joint-fourth position, followed closely by Sudan, with the sixth highest criminality score in Africa. In the region, strong trends were identified in both criminal markets and criminal actors, as well as resilience. The region averages higher in terms of criminality (5.51) than the rest of the continent (4.97), with criminal markets at 4.96 (compared to Africa’s overall score of 4.68) and actors at 6.06 (where Africa averages 5.25). In line with other regions, criminal actors in East Africa drive up the overall criminality score. The most prevalent criminal markets in East Africa as a whole are for human trafficking, human smuggling and arms trafficking, each with average scores considerably higher than in the rest of Africa. While East Africa’s average criminal market score is actually lower than West Africa’s, its average criminal actor score of 6.06 is the highest of the five regions on the continent by a notable margin, driven predominantly by the influence of both criminal networks and state-embedded actors. In terms of resilience, East Africa is overall the second least resilient region (after Central Africa), with an average resilience score of 3.50, compared to the African average of 3.86. As is the case with many countries across the continent, resilience measures in this region are focused primarily on heavy security frameworks, at the expense of 'softer' response mechanisms.

Gambia

Capital

Banjul

Population

2,280,102

Area

10,120 km²

Coastline Length

80 km

Landborder Length

749 km

GDP total

$1,624.46 million

GDP per capita

$712.45

GINI Index

35.9

4.62

Criminality Score

34th of 54 African countries

13th of 15 West Africa countries

Criminal market

5.10

Human Trafficking

7.00

Human Smuggling

4.50

Arms Trafficking

4.00

Flora Crimes

7.00

Fauna Crimes

4.00

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

5.00

Heroin Trade

5.00

Cocaine Trade

6.00

Cannabis Trade

6.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

2.50

Criminal Actors

4.13

Mafia-Style Groups

1.00

Criminal Networks

6.50

State-Embedded Actors

7.00

Foreign Actors

2.00

4.63

State Resilience Score

17th of 54 African countries

5th of 15 West Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

4.00

Government Transparency and Accountability

6.00

International Cooperation

4.00

National Policies and Laws

4.50

Judicial System and Detention

4.50

Law Enforcement

5.00

Territorial Integrity

6.00

Anti-Money Laundering

5.00

Economic Regulatory Environment

5.00

Victim and Witness Support

2.50

Prevention

3.00

Non-State Actors

6.00

4.63 4.13 5.10 4.63 4.13 5.10

Organised-crime levels in Gambia are lower than in the average African country, with the West African country ranking 34th on the continent.

Although the issue of organised crime is less prominent in Gambia than in other nations in Africa, it nevertheless presents a serious issue for the country and its citizens. Organised crime in Gambia is predominantly run by criminal networks that benefit from the aid of corrupt public officers. The cocaine market is reported to have a severe impact on nearly all parts of society, as Gambia is a significant trans-shipment point for the trafficking of the drug, with state officials working in collusion with organised-crime groups. Gambia is also considered a source and destination country for forced labour and sex trafficking, with the networks that control the latter being international in their operations. In terms of resilience, Gambia is ranked 17th in Africa, performing notably better than the continental average. The positive score reflects its significant progress in anti-corruption initiatives in the post-Jammeh era, aided to a significant degree by the strength of non-state actors operating in the country, and its modest ability to control its borders. However, there is significant scope for improvement with regard to measures of organised crime prevention and support for victims and witnesses, without which, organised criminal activity will continue to persist.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.