East Africa
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East Africa

Population

333,591,531

Area

5,908,725 km²

GDP total

$318,129.26 million

Countries

Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda.

5.51

Criminality Score

1st of 5 African regions

Criminal market

4.96

Human Trafficking

6.61

Human Smuggling

6.22

Arms Trafficking

6.78

Flora Crimes

4.56

Fauna Crimes

5.17

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

5.17

Heroin Trade

3.89

Cocaine Trade

2.61

Cannabis Trade

5.61

Synthetic Drugs Trade

2.94

Criminal Actors

6.06

Mafia-Style Groups

4.33

Criminal Networks

6.56

State-Embedded Actors

7.00

Foreign Actors

6.33

3.51

State Resilience Score

4th of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

3.67

Government Transparency and Accountability

2.61

International Cooperation

4.17

National Policies and Laws

4.56

Judicial System and Detention

3.56

Law Enforcement

3.72

Territorial Integrity

4.39

Anti-Money Laundering

4.11

Economic Regulatory Environment

3.72

Victim and Witness Support

1.78

Prevention

2.44

Non-State Actors

3.33

3.51 6.06 4.96 3.51 6.06 4.96

The East African region has the highest average criminality score of all five regions on the continent, with an average score of 5.51.

Indeed, six of the nine countries in the region appear in the top 20 highest-scoring countries for criminality, with Somalia and South Sudan leading the way in joint-fourth position, followed closely by Sudan, with the sixth highest criminality score in Africa. In the region, strong trends were identified in both criminal markets and criminal actors, as well as resilience. The region averages higher in terms of criminality (5.51) than the rest of the continent (4.97), with criminal markets at 4.96 (compared to Africa’s overall score of 4.68) and actors at 6.06 (where Africa averages 5.25). In line with other regions, criminal actors in East Africa drive up the overall criminality score. The most prevalent criminal markets in East Africa as a whole are for human trafficking, human smuggling and arms trafficking, each with average scores considerably higher than in the rest of Africa. While East Africa’s average criminal market score is actually lower than West Africa’s, its average criminal actor score of 6.06 is the highest of the five regions on the continent by a notable margin, driven predominantly by the influence of both criminal networks and state-embedded actors. In terms of resilience, East Africa is overall the second least resilient region (after Central Africa), with an average resilience score of 3.50, compared to the African average of 3.86. As is the case with many countries across the continent, resilience measures in this region are focused primarily on heavy security frameworks, at the expense of 'softer' response mechanisms.

Cameroon

Capital

Yaounde

Population

25,216,237

Area

472,710 km²

Coastline Length

402 km

Landborder Length

5,018 km

GDP total

$38,502.06 million

GDP per capita

$1,526.88

GINI Index

46.6

5.98

Criminality Score

13th of 54 African countries

3rd of 11 Central Africa countries

Criminal market

5.95

Human Trafficking

6.50

Human Smuggling

5.50

Arms Trafficking

6.00

Flora Crimes

7.50

Fauna Crimes

7.50

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

7.50

Heroin Trade

4.00

Cocaine Trade

2.00

Cannabis Trade

6.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

7.00

Criminal Actors

6.00

Mafia-Style Groups

3.50

Criminal Networks

7.50

State-Embedded Actors

8.00

Foreign Actors

5.00

3.33

State Resilience Score

32nd of 54 African countries

4th of 11 Central Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

2.50

Government Transparency and Accountability

2.00

International Cooperation

5.00

National Policies and Laws

4.50

Judicial System and Detention

3.00

Law Enforcement

4.00

Territorial Integrity

3.00

Anti-Money Laundering

3.50

Economic Regulatory Environment

3.00

Victim and Witness Support

2.50

Prevention

2.00

Non-State Actors

5.00

3.33 6.00 5.95 3.33 6.00 5.95

Cameroon has high levels of organised crime, ranking 13th in Africa for criminality.

With the exception of the cocaine and heroin markets, all other criminal markets in the country are considered to have a moderate to significant negative influence on society. Human trafficking and smuggling are prevalent throughout the country although the highest scores are in the environmental criminal markets. There are concerns surrounding illicit trafficking and smuggling of timber, gemstones and stolen fuel. Furthermore, Cameroon has become a hotspot for the poaching, smuggling and trafficking of wildlife products, and these markets are often controlled by national criminal networks. Cameroon is considered a highly corrupt state, with criminal state-embedded actors having a negative impact on nearly all parts of society as a result of their involvement in numerous criminal markets, scoring 8. In terms of resilience, Cameroon’s opaque government means that there are high levels of corruption, which undermines any ability to combat organised crime effectively. While Cameroon scores relatively well on international cooperation and non-state actors, most other resilience indicators are characterised by extreme ineffectiveness. Indeed, Cameroon ranks 32nd in Africa on overall resilience.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.