East Africa
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East Africa

Population

333,591,531

Area

5,908,725 km²

GDP total

$318,129.26 million

Countries

Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda.

5.51

Criminality Score

1st of 5 African regions

Criminal market

4.96

Human Trafficking

6.61

Human Smuggling

6.22

Arms Trafficking

6.78

Flora Crimes

4.56

Fauna Crimes

5.17

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

5.17

Heroin Trade

3.89

Cocaine Trade

2.61

Cannabis Trade

5.61

Synthetic Drugs Trade

2.94

Criminal Actors

6.06

Mafia-Style Groups

4.33

Criminal Networks

6.56

State-Embedded Actors

7.00

Foreign Actors

6.33

3.51

State Resilience Score

4th of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

3.67

Government Transparency and Accountability

2.61

International Cooperation

4.17

National Policies and Laws

4.56

Judicial System and Detention

3.56

Law Enforcement

3.72

Territorial Integrity

4.39

Anti-Money Laundering

4.11

Economic Regulatory Environment

3.72

Victim and Witness Support

1.78

Prevention

2.44

Non-State Actors

3.33

3.51 6.06 4.96 3.51 6.06 4.96

The East African region has the highest average criminality score of all five regions on the continent, with an average score of 5.51.

Indeed, six of the nine countries in the region appear in the top 20 highest-scoring countries for criminality, with Somalia and South Sudan leading the way in joint-fourth position, followed closely by Sudan, with the sixth highest criminality score in Africa. In the region, strong trends were identified in both criminal markets and criminal actors, as well as resilience. The region averages higher in terms of criminality (5.51) than the rest of the continent (4.97), with criminal markets at 4.96 (compared to Africa’s overall score of 4.68) and actors at 6.06 (where Africa averages 5.25). In line with other regions, criminal actors in East Africa drive up the overall criminality score. The most prevalent criminal markets in East Africa as a whole are for human trafficking, human smuggling and arms trafficking, each with average scores considerably higher than in the rest of Africa. While East Africa’s average criminal market score is actually lower than West Africa’s, its average criminal actor score of 6.06 is the highest of the five regions on the continent by a notable margin, driven predominantly by the influence of both criminal networks and state-embedded actors. In terms of resilience, East Africa is overall the second least resilient region (after Central Africa), with an average resilience score of 3.50, compared to the African average of 3.86. As is the case with many countries across the continent, resilience measures in this region are focused primarily on heavy security frameworks, at the expense of 'softer' response mechanisms.

Namibia

Capital

Windhoek

Population

2,448,255

Area

823,290 km²

Coastline Length

1,572 km

Landborder Length

4,220 km

GDP total

$14,521.71 million

GDP per capita

$5,931.45

GINI Index

59.1

3.82

Criminality Score

44th of 54 African countries

9th of 13 Southern Africa countries

Criminal market

3.50

Human Trafficking

3.00

Human Smuggling

2.50

Arms Trafficking

3.00

Flora Crimes

6.00

Fauna Crimes

5.50

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

4.50

Heroin Trade

3.00

Cocaine Trade

2.00

Cannabis Trade

2.50

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.00

Criminal Actors

4.13

Mafia-Style Groups

2.50

Criminal Networks

4.50

State-Embedded Actors

3.50

Foreign Actors

6.00

5.04

State Resilience Score

13th of 54 African countries

5th of 13 Southern Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

5.50

Government Transparency and Accountability

6.00

International Cooperation

6.50

National Policies and Laws

6.00

Judicial System and Detention

4.50

Law Enforcement

4.50

Territorial Integrity

3.50

Anti-Money Laundering

4.50

Economic Regulatory Environment

6.50

Victim and Witness Support

4.00

Prevention

3.00

Non-State Actors

6.00

5.04 4.13 3.50 5.04 4.13 3.50

Namibia ranks 44th in the Index, scoring well in terms of criminality.

Experts do not score any criminal markets or criminal actors above 6. Illicit environmental markets are viewed as the most significant, due notably to the smuggling of timber (flora crimes), ivory and rhino horn (fauna crimes) and diamonds (non-renewable resources crimes). Foreign actors are judged to have the greatest influence, scoring 6, largely because of their role in the illicit fauna and flora trades. Namibia performs relatively well on resilience, ranking 13th in Africa, with the majority of indicators recording scores of between 4.5 and 6.5. International cooperation, national policies and laws against organised crime, and the economic regulatory environment are all deemed to be effective. But experts note insufficient levels of funding to various institutions and government bodies, corruption and porous borders as areas of concern.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.