East Africa
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East Africa

Population

333,591,531

Area

5,908,725 km²

GDP total

$318,129.26 million

Countries

Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda.

5.51

Criminality Score

1st of 5 African regions

Criminal market

4.96

Human Trafficking

6.61

Human Smuggling

6.22

Arms Trafficking

6.78

Flora Crimes

4.56

Fauna Crimes

5.17

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

5.17

Heroin Trade

3.89

Cocaine Trade

2.61

Cannabis Trade

5.61

Synthetic Drugs Trade

2.94

Criminal Actors

6.06

Mafia-Style Groups

4.33

Criminal Networks

6.56

State-Embedded Actors

7.00

Foreign Actors

6.33

3.51

State Resilience Score

4th of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

3.67

Government Transparency and Accountability

2.61

International Cooperation

4.17

National Policies and Laws

4.56

Judicial System and Detention

3.56

Law Enforcement

3.72

Territorial Integrity

4.39

Anti-Money Laundering

4.11

Economic Regulatory Environment

3.72

Victim and Witness Support

1.78

Prevention

2.44

Non-State Actors

3.33

3.51 6.06 4.96 3.51 6.06 4.96

The East African region has the highest average criminality score of all five regions on the continent, with an average score of 5.51.

Indeed, six of the nine countries in the region appear in the top 20 highest-scoring countries for criminality, with Somalia and South Sudan leading the way in joint-fourth position, followed closely by Sudan, with the sixth highest criminality score in Africa. In the region, strong trends were identified in both criminal markets and criminal actors, as well as resilience. The region averages higher in terms of criminality (5.51) than the rest of the continent (4.97), with criminal markets at 4.96 (compared to Africa’s overall score of 4.68) and actors at 6.06 (where Africa averages 5.25). In line with other regions, criminal actors in East Africa drive up the overall criminality score. The most prevalent criminal markets in East Africa as a whole are for human trafficking, human smuggling and arms trafficking, each with average scores considerably higher than in the rest of Africa. While East Africa’s average criminal market score is actually lower than West Africa’s, its average criminal actor score of 6.06 is the highest of the five regions on the continent by a notable margin, driven predominantly by the influence of both criminal networks and state-embedded actors. In terms of resilience, East Africa is overall the second least resilient region (after Central Africa), with an average resilience score of 3.50, compared to the African average of 3.86. As is the case with many countries across the continent, resilience measures in this region are focused primarily on heavy security frameworks, at the expense of 'softer' response mechanisms.

Senegal

Capital

Dakar

Population

15,854,360

Area

192,530 km²

Coastline Length

531 km

Landborder Length

2,684 km

GDP total

$24,129.60 million

GDP per capita

$1,521.95

GINI Index

40.3

4.60

Criminality Score

35th of 54 African countries

14th of 15 West Africa countries

Criminal market

4.45

Human Trafficking

5.00

Human Smuggling

4.50

Arms Trafficking

3.50

Flora Crimes

7.00

Fauna Crimes

6.50

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

4.50

Heroin Trade

2.50

Cocaine Trade

3.50

Cannabis Trade

5.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

2.50

Criminal Actors

4.75

Mafia-Style Groups

3.50

Criminal Networks

5.50

State-Embedded Actors

4.00

Foreign Actors

6.00

6.04

State Resilience Score

5th of 54 African countries

2nd of 15 West Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

6.00

Government Transparency and Accountability

5.00

International Cooperation

6.00

National Policies and Laws

6.50

Judicial System and Detention

6.00

Law Enforcement

7.00

Territorial Integrity

6.50

Anti-Money Laundering

6.50

Economic Regulatory Environment

6.00

Victim and Witness Support

5.00

Prevention

5.00

Non-State Actors

7.00

6.04 4.75 4.45 6.04 4.75 4.45

Senegal ranks 35th in the Index for criminality, with a score below the continental average.

The country’s overall criminality score is driven by criminal markets and criminal actors in almost equal measure, with the latter scoring marginally higher than the former. Senegal’s criminal market subcomponent scores range from 2.5 to 7, demonstrating notable differences in levels of pervasiveness of the various markets. The markets with the most significant negative impact on society are in the environmental-crime sector. Deforestation and illegal gold mining are the main drivers of high scores. Senegal is one of only a handful of countries in Africa in which foreign actors are the most influential among the criminal actor categories. Senegal is increasingly becoming a destination of choice for foreign criminals, particularly those involved in the environmental crime markets, due to the high levels of development and stability in the country. These foreign criminal groups have strong links to domestic criminal networks, who are also prominent in the country. In terms of resilience, Senegal performs extremely well, ranking 5th overall in Africa. All resilience indicators score 5 or higher, demonstrating moderate effectiveness at the very least in all areas. Senegal’s law enforcement agencies are particularly effective, and the country's non-state actors are vocal and dynamic, with high levels of media freedom. The consistent and sustained prioritisation of the fight against organised crime by the Senegalese government has led to major successes in areas such as international cooperation and its capacity to combat money laundering.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.