East Africa
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East Africa

Population

333,591,531

Area

5,908,725 km²

GDP total

$318,129.26 million

Countries

Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda.

5.51

Criminality Score

1st of 5 African regions

Criminal market

4.96

Human Trafficking

6.61

Human Smuggling

6.22

Arms Trafficking

6.78

Flora Crimes

4.56

Fauna Crimes

5.17

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

5.17

Heroin Trade

3.89

Cocaine Trade

2.61

Cannabis Trade

5.61

Synthetic Drugs Trade

2.94

Criminal Actors

6.06

Mafia-Style Groups

4.33

Criminal Networks

6.56

State-Embedded Actors

7.00

Foreign Actors

6.33

3.51

State Resilience Score

4th of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

3.67

Government Transparency and Accountability

2.61

International Cooperation

4.17

National Policies and Laws

4.56

Judicial System and Detention

3.56

Law Enforcement

3.72

Territorial Integrity

4.39

Anti-Money Laundering

4.11

Economic Regulatory Environment

3.72

Victim and Witness Support

1.78

Prevention

2.44

Non-State Actors

3.33

3.51 6.06 4.96 3.51 6.06 4.96

The East African region has the highest average criminality score of all five regions on the continent, with an average score of 5.51.

Indeed, six of the nine countries in the region appear in the top 20 highest-scoring countries for criminality, with Somalia and South Sudan leading the way in joint-fourth position, followed closely by Sudan, with the sixth highest criminality score in Africa. In the region, strong trends were identified in both criminal markets and criminal actors, as well as resilience. The region averages higher in terms of criminality (5.51) than the rest of the continent (4.97), with criminal markets at 4.96 (compared to Africa’s overall score of 4.68) and actors at 6.06 (where Africa averages 5.25). In line with other regions, criminal actors in East Africa drive up the overall criminality score. The most prevalent criminal markets in East Africa as a whole are for human trafficking, human smuggling and arms trafficking, each with average scores considerably higher than in the rest of Africa. While East Africa’s average criminal market score is actually lower than West Africa’s, its average criminal actor score of 6.06 is the highest of the five regions on the continent by a notable margin, driven predominantly by the influence of both criminal networks and state-embedded actors. In terms of resilience, East Africa is overall the second least resilient region (after Central Africa), with an average resilience score of 3.50, compared to the African average of 3.86. As is the case with many countries across the continent, resilience measures in this region are focused primarily on heavy security frameworks, at the expense of 'softer' response mechanisms.

Egypt

Capital

Cairo

Population

98,423,595

Area

995,450 km²

Coastline Length

2,450 km

Landborder Length

2,612 km

GDP total

$250,895.47 million

GDP per capita

$2,549.14

GINI Index

31.8

5.14

Criminality Score

22nd of 54 African countries

2nd of 6 North Africa countries

Criminal market

4.65

Human Trafficking

5.50

Human Smuggling

5.50

Arms Trafficking

6.00

Flora Crimes

1.00

Fauna Crimes

5.00

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

3.00

Heroin Trade

5.50

Cocaine Trade

1.50

Cannabis Trade

6.50

Synthetic Drugs Trade

7.00

Criminal Actors

5.63

Mafia-Style Groups

3.00

Criminal Networks

6.00

State-Embedded Actors

7.00

Foreign Actors

6.50

3.96

State Resilience Score

24th of 54 African countries

4th of 6 North Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

5.00

Government Transparency and Accountability

3.00

International Cooperation

3.00

National Policies and Laws

4.50

Judicial System and Detention

5.00

Law Enforcement

5.00

Territorial Integrity

6.00

Anti-Money Laundering

4.50

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.50

Victim and Witness Support

2.00

Prevention

2.50

Non-State Actors

2.50

3.96 5.63 4.65 3.96 5.63 4.65

In terms of criminality, Egypt’s Index score of 5.14 places it 22nd in Africa and 2nd in North Africa.

The country’s relatively high overall score is driven predominantly by its scores for criminal actors, characterised by moderately high scores for criminal networks, state-embedded actors and foreign actors. Although certain criminal markets are not deemed to have a significant impact in Egypt, others have considerable negative impacts, most notably the synthetic drugs and cannabis trade and arms trafficking. While Egypt performs slightly worse than the African average for criminality, its resilience score is just above the continental average at 3.96, ranking it 24th in Africa and 4th in North Africa. This indicates a marginally higher resilience to organised crime than the majority of African countries. Nevertheless, territorial integrity is the only resilience indicator for which Egypt is scored as sufficiently effective. All other indicators are characterised as either moderately effective or extremely ineffective. Egypt’s criminality and resilience scores suggest that, from a regional perspective, it is in a precarious situation with regards to organised crime.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.