East Africa
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East Africa

Population

333,591,531

Area

5,908,725 km²

GDP total

$318,129.26 million

Countries

Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda.

5.51

Criminality Score

1st of 5 African regions

Criminal market

4.96

Human Trafficking

6.61

Human Smuggling

6.22

Arms Trafficking

6.78

Flora Crimes

4.56

Fauna Crimes

5.17

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

5.17

Heroin Trade

3.89

Cocaine Trade

2.61

Cannabis Trade

5.61

Synthetic Drugs Trade

2.94

Criminal Actors

6.06

Mafia-Style Groups

4.33

Criminal Networks

6.56

State-Embedded Actors

7.00

Foreign Actors

6.33

3.51

State Resilience Score

4th of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

3.67

Government Transparency and Accountability

2.61

International Cooperation

4.17

National Policies and Laws

4.56

Judicial System and Detention

3.56

Law Enforcement

3.72

Territorial Integrity

4.39

Anti-Money Laundering

4.11

Economic Regulatory Environment

3.72

Victim and Witness Support

1.78

Prevention

2.44

Non-State Actors

3.33

3.51 6.06 4.96 3.51 6.06 4.96

The East African region has the highest average criminality score of all five regions on the continent, with an average score of 5.51.

Indeed, six of the nine countries in the region appear in the top 20 highest-scoring countries for criminality, with Somalia and South Sudan leading the way in joint-fourth position, followed closely by Sudan, with the sixth highest criminality score in Africa. In the region, strong trends were identified in both criminal markets and criminal actors, as well as resilience. The region averages higher in terms of criminality (5.51) than the rest of the continent (4.97), with criminal markets at 4.96 (compared to Africa’s overall score of 4.68) and actors at 6.06 (where Africa averages 5.25). In line with other regions, criminal actors in East Africa drive up the overall criminality score. The most prevalent criminal markets in East Africa as a whole are for human trafficking, human smuggling and arms trafficking, each with average scores considerably higher than in the rest of Africa. While East Africa’s average criminal market score is actually lower than West Africa’s, its average criminal actor score of 6.06 is the highest of the five regions on the continent by a notable margin, driven predominantly by the influence of both criminal networks and state-embedded actors. In terms of resilience, East Africa is overall the second least resilient region (after Central Africa), with an average resilience score of 3.50, compared to the African average of 3.86. As is the case with many countries across the continent, resilience measures in this region are focused primarily on heavy security frameworks, at the expense of 'softer' response mechanisms.

Guinea-Bissau

Capital

Bissau

Population

1,874,309

Area

28,120 km²

Coastline Length

350 km

Landborder Length

762 km

GDP total

$1,458.16 million

GDP per capita

$777.97

GINI Index

50.7

4.99

Criminality Score

24th of 54 African countries

8th of 15 West Africa countries

Criminal market

4.35

Human Trafficking

3.00

Human Smuggling

2.50

Arms Trafficking

4.50

Flora Crimes

8.00

Fauna Crimes

5.50

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

1.00

Heroin Trade

5.00

Cocaine Trade

7.00

Cannabis Trade

5.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

2.00

Criminal Actors

5.63

Mafia-Style Groups

1.50

Criminal Networks

7.50

State-Embedded Actors

7.50

Foreign Actors

6.00

2.67

State Resilience Score

42nd of 54 African countries

14th of 15 West Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

2.50

Government Transparency and Accountability

2.00

International Cooperation

4.00

National Policies and Laws

4.00

Judicial System and Detention

3.00

Law Enforcement

3.50

Territorial Integrity

3.00

Anti-Money Laundering

2.50

Economic Regulatory Environment

1.50

Victim and Witness Support

1.00

Prevention

1.00

Non-State Actors

4.00

2.67 5.63 4.35 2.67 5.63 4.35

Guinea-Bissau is ranked 24th for criminality in the Index, with a score of 4.99, at almost exactly the African average.

The country’s scores for criminal markets fluctuate greatly, the most pervasive and established of which are flora crimes and the cocaine trade. Additionally, the markets for other illicit narcotics were deemed as moderately influential, owing in large part to the smuggling of cannabis and heroin through Guinea-Bissau. The country’s criminal actors score is considerably higher than its criminal markets score, with criminal networks, state-embedded actors and foreign actors all scoring a 6 or above. The entrenched relationship between international criminal networks and the country’s political-military elites is of particular concern. With regard to resilience, Guinea-Bissau score poorly, ranking 42nd in Africa, with no indicator score exceeding 4. Chronic political instability and a weak government have meant that little progress has been made in the fight against organised crime. Moreover, government involvement in organised crime, insufficient arrangements to help victims or witnesses, and the state’s extremely ineffective criminal-justice system and economic regulatory environment are among the many obstacles that currently blight Guinea-Bissau.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.