East Africa
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East Africa

Population

333,591,531

Area

5,908,725 km²

GDP total

$318,129.26 million

Countries

Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda.

5.51

Criminality Score

1st of 5 African regions

Criminal market

4.96

Human Trafficking

6.61

Human Smuggling

6.22

Arms Trafficking

6.78

Flora Crimes

4.56

Fauna Crimes

5.17

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

5.17

Heroin Trade

3.89

Cocaine Trade

2.61

Cannabis Trade

5.61

Synthetic Drugs Trade

2.94

Criminal Actors

6.06

Mafia-Style Groups

4.33

Criminal Networks

6.56

State-Embedded Actors

7.00

Foreign Actors

6.33

3.51

State Resilience Score

4th of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

3.67

Government Transparency and Accountability

2.61

International Cooperation

4.17

National Policies and Laws

4.56

Judicial System and Detention

3.56

Law Enforcement

3.72

Territorial Integrity

4.39

Anti-Money Laundering

4.11

Economic Regulatory Environment

3.72

Victim and Witness Support

1.78

Prevention

2.44

Non-State Actors

3.33

3.51 6.06 4.96 3.51 6.06 4.96

The East African region has the highest average criminality score of all five regions on the continent, with an average score of 5.51.

Indeed, six of the nine countries in the region appear in the top 20 highest-scoring countries for criminality, with Somalia and South Sudan leading the way in joint-fourth position, followed closely by Sudan, with the sixth highest criminality score in Africa. In the region, strong trends were identified in both criminal markets and criminal actors, as well as resilience. The region averages higher in terms of criminality (5.51) than the rest of the continent (4.97), with criminal markets at 4.96 (compared to Africa’s overall score of 4.68) and actors at 6.06 (where Africa averages 5.25). In line with other regions, criminal actors in East Africa drive up the overall criminality score. The most prevalent criminal markets in East Africa as a whole are for human trafficking, human smuggling and arms trafficking, each with average scores considerably higher than in the rest of Africa. While East Africa’s average criminal market score is actually lower than West Africa’s, its average criminal actor score of 6.06 is the highest of the five regions on the continent by a notable margin, driven predominantly by the influence of both criminal networks and state-embedded actors. In terms of resilience, East Africa is overall the second least resilient region (after Central Africa), with an average resilience score of 3.50, compared to the African average of 3.86. As is the case with many countries across the continent, resilience measures in this region are focused primarily on heavy security frameworks, at the expense of 'softer' response mechanisms.

Cabo Verde

Capital

Praia

Population

543,767

Area

4,030 km²

Coastline Length

965 km

GDP total

$1,986.93 million

GDP per capita

$3,654.01

GINI Index

47.2

3.74

Criminality Score

45th of 54 African countries

15th of 15 West Africa countries

Criminal market

3.60

Human Trafficking

2.50

Human Smuggling

1.50

Arms Trafficking

2.50

Flora Crimes

3.00

Fauna Crimes

5.00

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

1.00

Heroin Trade

4.50

Cocaine Trade

6.50

Cannabis Trade

5.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

4.50

Criminal Actors

3.88

Mafia-Style Groups

3.00

Criminal Networks

3.50

State-Embedded Actors

2.00

Foreign Actors

7.00

6.54

State Resilience Score

1st of 54 African countries

1st of 15 West Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

7.50

Government Transparency and Accountability

6.50

International Cooperation

8.00

National Policies and Laws

7.00

Judicial System and Detention

7.00

Law Enforcement

7.00

Territorial Integrity

7.50

Anti-Money Laundering

6.50

Economic Regulatory Environment

6.00

Victim and Witness Support

3.50

Prevention

6.00

Non-State Actors

6.00

6.54 3.88 3.60 6.54 3.88 3.60

Cabo Verde is ranked 45th in the Index, placing it in the ten countries with the lowest levels of criminality, and with low scores in many criminal markets.

The country has a low overall criminality score, with most markets and actors not deemed as exerting a significant negative impact on society. The most significant issues reported are the trafficking, consumption and limited production of narcotics such as cocaine, cannabis and synthetic drugs. Although environmental crimes score relatively well, experts noted with concern growing levels of some fauna crimes. The only established criminal actors in Cabo Verde are foreign actors, who score 7, owing to their involvement in the drugs trade. Cabo Verde is ranked as the most resilient nation in Africa, scoring above 6 in all but one of the building blocks of resilience. The government has a coherent strategy to combat organised crime, in particular the consumption and trafficking of narcotics, which is a high priority in Cabo Verde. Strong international cooperation, freedom of press, and low levels corruption are some of the areas in which Cabo Verde scores highly.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.