East Africa
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East Africa

Population

333,591,531

Area

5,908,725 km²

GDP total

$318,129.26 million

Countries

Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda.

5.51

Criminality Score

1st of 5 African regions

Criminal market

4.96

Human Trafficking

6.61

Human Smuggling

6.22

Arms Trafficking

6.78

Flora Crimes

4.56

Fauna Crimes

5.17

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

5.17

Heroin Trade

3.89

Cocaine Trade

2.61

Cannabis Trade

5.61

Synthetic Drugs Trade

2.94

Criminal Actors

6.06

Mafia-Style Groups

4.33

Criminal Networks

6.56

State-Embedded Actors

7.00

Foreign Actors

6.33

3.51

State Resilience Score

4th of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

3.67

Government Transparency and Accountability

2.61

International Cooperation

4.17

National Policies and Laws

4.56

Judicial System and Detention

3.56

Law Enforcement

3.72

Territorial Integrity

4.39

Anti-Money Laundering

4.11

Economic Regulatory Environment

3.72

Victim and Witness Support

1.78

Prevention

2.44

Non-State Actors

3.33

3.51 6.06 4.96 3.51 6.06 4.96

The East African region has the highest average criminality score of all five regions on the continent, with an average score of 5.51.

Indeed, six of the nine countries in the region appear in the top 20 highest-scoring countries for criminality, with Somalia and South Sudan leading the way in joint-fourth position, followed closely by Sudan, with the sixth highest criminality score in Africa. In the region, strong trends were identified in both criminal markets and criminal actors, as well as resilience. The region averages higher in terms of criminality (5.51) than the rest of the continent (4.97), with criminal markets at 4.96 (compared to Africa’s overall score of 4.68) and actors at 6.06 (where Africa averages 5.25). In line with other regions, criminal actors in East Africa drive up the overall criminality score. The most prevalent criminal markets in East Africa as a whole are for human trafficking, human smuggling and arms trafficking, each with average scores considerably higher than in the rest of Africa. While East Africa’s average criminal market score is actually lower than West Africa’s, its average criminal actor score of 6.06 is the highest of the five regions on the continent by a notable margin, driven predominantly by the influence of both criminal networks and state-embedded actors. In terms of resilience, East Africa is overall the second least resilient region (after Central Africa), with an average resilience score of 3.50, compared to the African average of 3.86. As is the case with many countries across the continent, resilience measures in this region are focused primarily on heavy security frameworks, at the expense of 'softer' response mechanisms.

Angola

Capital

Luanda

Population

30,809,762

Area

1,246,700 km²

Coastline Length

1,600 km

Landborder Length

5,369 km

GDP total

$105,750.99 million

GDP per capita

$3,432.39

GINI Index

42.7

4.78

Criminality Score

32nd of 54 African countries

6th of 11 Central Africa countries

Criminal market

4.55

Human Trafficking

5.00

Human Smuggling

2.50

Arms Trafficking

5.50

Flora Crimes

7.00

Fauna Crimes

4.00

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

8.50

Heroin Trade

2.50

Cocaine Trade

4.00

Cannabis Trade

3.50

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.00

Criminal Actors

5.00

Mafia-Style Groups

1.00

Criminal Networks

5.50

State-Embedded Actors

8.50

Foreign Actors

5.00

4.33

State Resilience Score

20th of 54 African countries

2nd of 11 Central Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

6.00

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.50

International Cooperation

5.50

National Policies and Laws

5.50

Judicial System and Detention

3.50

Law Enforcement

5.00

Territorial Integrity

6.00

Anti-Money Laundering

4.00

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.00

Victim and Witness Support

2.00

Prevention

3.00

Non-State Actors

3.00

4.33 5.00 4.55 4.33 5.00 4.55

Angola is ranked 32nd in the Index, placing the country just below the continental average for criminality.

High scores in environmental crimes and arms trafficking in particular, drives the overall high ranking, though the country also has two other criminal markets, the human trafficking and cocaine markets, that were assessed as having a moderate negative impact on society. Widespread corruption in the state apparatus, along with the engagement of criminal networks in numerous illicit economies resulted in scores being increased by experts. In terms of resilience, Angola rank 20th in Africa, performing better than the continental average. Although Angola has sufficiently strong, state-led institutions and frameworks, including law enforcement, as well as high international engagement, the country scores poorly in the protection of victims and support for civil society.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.