Central Africa
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Central Africa

Population

192,599,175

Area

6,547,170 km²

GDP total

$259,770.71 million

Countries

Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe.

4.86

Criminality Score

3rd of 5 African regions

Criminal market

4.63

Human Trafficking

5.41

Human Smuggling

4.27

Arms Trafficking

5.91

Flora Crimes

5.68

Fauna Crimes

5.59

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

5.64

Heroin Trade

3.09

Cocaine Trade

2.55

Cannabis Trade

4.36

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.77

Criminal Actors

5.08

Mafia-Style Groups

3.45

Criminal Networks

5.09

State-Embedded Actors

7.09

Foreign Actors

4.68

2.95

State Resilience Score

5th of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

2.95

Government Transparency and Accountability

2.32

International Cooperation

3.82

National Policies and Laws

4.18

Judicial System and Detention

2.82

Law Enforcement

3.27

Territorial Integrity

3.73

Anti-Money Laundering

2.91

Economic Regulatory Environment

2.77

Victim and Witness Support

1.86

Prevention

1.95

Non-State Actors

2.77

2.95 5.08 4.63 2.95 5.08 4.63

Central Africa’s criminality score falls below the continental average, placing it third in the regional ranking.

In line with other regions, criminal actors marginally drive up the criminality average for Central Africa, with an average score of 5.08, compared to its criminal markets average score of 4.63. When looking at the criminality components individually, both criminal markets and actors fall below the continental averages (4.68 and 5.25, respectively), suggesting perhaps a more limited distribution of criminality typologies than experienced in other regions. In the context of prolonged conflict in the region and the extensive biodiversity that occurs in many countries in Central Africa, arms trafficking and the environmental markets are far more prevalent than are the drug economies. While the region’s average criminal actors score places this subcomponent in the middle of the regional ranking, state-embedded actors have the highest average score in Central Africa than in any other region on the continent. Central Africa is by some distance the lowest-scoring region in Africa for resilience, with an average score of 2.95. While the region does not perform well on any resilience indicator, collectively it falls particularly short with regard to social protection measures, such as victim and witness support and prevention measures.

Uganda

Capital

Kampala

Population

42,723,139

Area

200,520 km²

Landborder Length

2,729 km

GDP total

$27,476.95 million

GDP per capita

$643.14

GINI Index

42.8

6.05

Criminality Score

12th of 54 African countries

5th of 9 East Africa countries

Criminal market

5.35

Human Trafficking

4.50

Human Smuggling

4.00

Arms Trafficking

5.00

Flora Crimes

7.00

Fauna Crimes

6.50

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

7.00

Heroin Trade

5.00

Cocaine Trade

3.00

Cannabis Trade

7.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

4.50

Criminal Actors

6.75

Mafia-Style Groups

5.50

Criminal Networks

6.50

State-Embedded Actors

7.50

Foreign Actors

7.50

3.63

State Resilience Score

29th of 54 African countries

5th of 9 East Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

4.00

Government Transparency and Accountability

2.00

International Cooperation

4.50

National Policies and Laws

3.50

Judicial System and Detention

3.50

Law Enforcement

3.00

Territorial Integrity

4.50

Anti-Money Laundering

3.00

Economic Regulatory Environment

3.50

Victim and Witness Support

3.00

Prevention

4.00

Non-State Actors

5.00

3.63 6.75 5.35 3.63 6.75 5.35

Uganda ranks 12th in the Index for criminality, with a broad range of criminal markets and influential criminal actors.

All criminal markets score between 3 and 7, indicating that while none of them are unimportant, neither do they have a severe influence on society. Similarly, none of the categories of criminal actors are viewed as having a severe influence, though all are well established, and at times, act together in certain illicit markets. Uganda scores moderately for resilience across most categories, ranking 29th overall. Although the government has publicly backed measures to combat organised crime, it has not matched its rhetoric with action on the ground. Major gaps in implementing policies are reported. Experts deem that corruption, lack of press freedom and government involvement in certain illicit flows are of concern. However, they judge the role played by civil society and other non-state actors to be positive, resulting in moderate resilience scores.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.