Central Africa
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Central Africa

Population

192,599,175

Area

6,547,170 km²

GDP total

$259,770.71 million

Countries

Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe.

4.86

Criminality Score

3rd of 5 African regions

Criminal market

4.63

Human Trafficking

5.41

Human Smuggling

4.27

Arms Trafficking

5.91

Flora Crimes

5.68

Fauna Crimes

5.59

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

5.64

Heroin Trade

3.09

Cocaine Trade

2.55

Cannabis Trade

4.36

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.77

Criminal Actors

5.08

Mafia-Style Groups

3.45

Criminal Networks

5.09

State-Embedded Actors

7.09

Foreign Actors

4.68

2.95

State Resilience Score

5th of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

2.95

Government Transparency and Accountability

2.32

International Cooperation

3.82

National Policies and Laws

4.18

Judicial System and Detention

2.82

Law Enforcement

3.27

Territorial Integrity

3.73

Anti-Money Laundering

2.91

Economic Regulatory Environment

2.77

Victim and Witness Support

1.86

Prevention

1.95

Non-State Actors

2.77

2.95 5.08 4.63 2.95 5.08 4.63

Central Africa’s criminality score falls below the continental average, placing it third in the regional ranking.

In line with other regions, criminal actors marginally drive up the criminality average for Central Africa, with an average score of 5.08, compared to its criminal markets average score of 4.63. When looking at the criminality components individually, both criminal markets and actors fall below the continental averages (4.68 and 5.25, respectively), suggesting perhaps a more limited distribution of criminality typologies than experienced in other regions. In the context of prolonged conflict in the region and the extensive biodiversity that occurs in many countries in Central Africa, arms trafficking and the environmental markets are far more prevalent than are the drug economies. While the region’s average criminal actors score places this subcomponent in the middle of the regional ranking, state-embedded actors have the highest average score in Central Africa than in any other region on the continent. Central Africa is by some distance the lowest-scoring region in Africa for resilience, with an average score of 2.95. While the region does not perform well on any resilience indicator, collectively it falls particularly short with regard to social protection measures, such as victim and witness support and prevention measures.

Gambia

Capital

Banjul

Population

2,280,102

Area

10,120 km²

Coastline Length

80 km

Landborder Length

749 km

GDP total

$1,624.46 million

GDP per capita

$712.45

GINI Index

35.9

4.62

Criminality Score

34th of 54 African countries

13th of 15 West Africa countries

Criminal market

5.10

Human Trafficking

7.00

Human Smuggling

4.50

Arms Trafficking

4.00

Flora Crimes

7.00

Fauna Crimes

4.00

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

5.00

Heroin Trade

5.00

Cocaine Trade

6.00

Cannabis Trade

6.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

2.50

Criminal Actors

4.13

Mafia-Style Groups

1.00

Criminal Networks

6.50

State-Embedded Actors

7.00

Foreign Actors

2.00

4.63

State Resilience Score

17th of 54 African countries

5th of 15 West Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

4.00

Government Transparency and Accountability

6.00

International Cooperation

4.00

National Policies and Laws

4.50

Judicial System and Detention

4.50

Law Enforcement

5.00

Territorial Integrity

6.00

Anti-Money Laundering

5.00

Economic Regulatory Environment

5.00

Victim and Witness Support

2.50

Prevention

3.00

Non-State Actors

6.00

4.63 4.13 5.10 4.63 4.13 5.10

Organised-crime levels in Gambia are lower than in the average African country, with the West African country ranking 34th on the continent.

Although the issue of organised crime is less prominent in Gambia than in other nations in Africa, it nevertheless presents a serious issue for the country and its citizens. Organised crime in Gambia is predominantly run by criminal networks that benefit from the aid of corrupt public officers. The cocaine market is reported to have a severe impact on nearly all parts of society, as Gambia is a significant trans-shipment point for the trafficking of the drug, with state officials working in collusion with organised-crime groups. Gambia is also considered a source and destination country for forced labour and sex trafficking, with the networks that control the latter being international in their operations. In terms of resilience, Gambia is ranked 17th in Africa, performing notably better than the continental average. The positive score reflects its significant progress in anti-corruption initiatives in the post-Jammeh era, aided to a significant degree by the strength of non-state actors operating in the country, and its modest ability to control its borders. However, there is significant scope for improvement with regard to measures of organised crime prevention and support for victims and witnesses, without which, organised criminal activity will continue to persist.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.