Central Africa
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Central Africa

Population

192,599,175

Area

6,547,170 km²

GDP total

$259,770.71 million

Countries

Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe.

4.86

Criminality Score

3rd of 5 African regions

Criminal market

4.63

Human Trafficking

5.41

Human Smuggling

4.27

Arms Trafficking

5.91

Flora Crimes

5.68

Fauna Crimes

5.59

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

5.64

Heroin Trade

3.09

Cocaine Trade

2.55

Cannabis Trade

4.36

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.77

Criminal Actors

5.08

Mafia-Style Groups

3.45

Criminal Networks

5.09

State-Embedded Actors

7.09

Foreign Actors

4.68

2.95

State Resilience Score

5th of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

2.95

Government Transparency and Accountability

2.32

International Cooperation

3.82

National Policies and Laws

4.18

Judicial System and Detention

2.82

Law Enforcement

3.27

Territorial Integrity

3.73

Anti-Money Laundering

2.91

Economic Regulatory Environment

2.77

Victim and Witness Support

1.86

Prevention

1.95

Non-State Actors

2.77

2.95 5.08 4.63 2.95 5.08 4.63

Central Africa’s criminality score falls below the continental average, placing it third in the regional ranking.

In line with other regions, criminal actors marginally drive up the criminality average for Central Africa, with an average score of 5.08, compared to its criminal markets average score of 4.63. When looking at the criminality components individually, both criminal markets and actors fall below the continental averages (4.68 and 5.25, respectively), suggesting perhaps a more limited distribution of criminality typologies than experienced in other regions. In the context of prolonged conflict in the region and the extensive biodiversity that occurs in many countries in Central Africa, arms trafficking and the environmental markets are far more prevalent than are the drug economies. While the region’s average criminal actors score places this subcomponent in the middle of the regional ranking, state-embedded actors have the highest average score in Central Africa than in any other region on the continent. Central Africa is by some distance the lowest-scoring region in Africa for resilience, with an average score of 2.95. While the region does not perform well on any resilience indicator, collectively it falls particularly short with regard to social protection measures, such as victim and witness support and prevention measures.

Chad

Capital

N'Djamena

Population

15,477,751

Area

1,259,200 km²

Landborder Length

6,406 km

GDP total

$11,302.54 million

GDP per capita

$730.24

GINI Index

43.3

5.84

Criminality Score

15th of 54 African countries

4th of 11 Central Africa countries

Criminal market

5.05

Human Trafficking

6.00

Human Smuggling

5.00

Arms Trafficking

8.50

Flora Crimes

1.50

Fauna Crimes

5.00

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

4.00

Heroin Trade

3.50

Cocaine Trade

4.00

Cannabis Trade

6.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

7.00

Criminal Actors

6.63

Mafia-Style Groups

8.00

Criminal Networks

6.50

State-Embedded Actors

7.00

Foreign Actors

5.00

2.04

State Resilience Score

48th of 54 African countries

7th of 11 Central Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

3.00

Government Transparency and Accountability

2.00

International Cooperation

2.50

National Policies and Laws

2.50

Judicial System and Detention

2.00

Law Enforcement

1.50

Territorial Integrity

3.50

Anti-Money Laundering

2.00

Economic Regulatory Environment

2.00

Victim and Witness Support

1.00

Prevention

1.00

Non-State Actors

1.50

2.04 6.63 5.05 2.04 6.63 5.05

Chad has a high criminality score, ranking 15th in Africa, which is driven primarily by the pervasive influence of various criminal actors in the country.

Mafia-style groups engage in a number of criminal markets, but predominantly illicit arms trafficking. Arms trafficking has been attributed by experts to have a severely negative and encroaching influence on nearly all parts of Chadian society. It is an illicit market that follows the same routes as refugees from neighbouring countries affected by conflict. There appears to be a significant link between these mafia-style groups and drug trafficking. Moreover, increased consumption of and demand for synthetic drugs are a concern. Chad is positioned 48th in the resilience rankings, highlighting the country's ineffectiveness in responding to organised crime. Although there are policies and laws in place, the extent of the criminal markets and actors significantly stymies efforts to build resilience.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.